All about Urinary Incontinence

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All About Urinary Incontinence

What is Urinary Incontinence?

Urinary incontinence is an inability to control urination, which leads to leakage of urine.

Types of Urinary Incontinence?

  • Urge incontinence (Overactive bladder): Urge incontinence (Overactive bladder)
    • In this type of incontinence, you may get a strong desire to pass urine but before you reach the toilet some amount of urine leaks out.
    • You may have frequent urinations during daytime.
    • You may have to wake up at night to urinate.
  • Stress incontinence: In this type of incontinence there is leakage of urine resulting from activities applying pressure on the bladder like laughing, coughing, sneezing, exercising, or lifting something heavy
  • Mixed incontinence is a combination of stress and urge incontinence


Common Causes of Urinary Incontinence?

  • Pregnancy
  • Child birth
  • Ageing
  • Urinary track infection
  • Obesity

Incontinence can be Treated With

  • Dietary modifications (decreased use of caffeine and weight loss)
  • PFMT (Pelvic floor muscle training): exercises of the muscles which hold the bladder in place)
    • These are simple exercises which strengthen the muscles around bladder.

  • Medications: There are effective medicines available for treatment of incontinence. Depending on the type of incontinence you may be advised one or more treatment options by your doctor.
  • Surgery: If initial treatment measures fail the surgery may be needed. In case of SUI the commonly done surgeries are TVT (Trans Vaginal Tape) and TOT ( Trans Obturator Tape) surgery. In these Surgeries the artificial tapes supports urethra and prevents leaking of urine.


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