Diaphragm Atrophy During Pediatric Acute Respiratory Failure Is Associated With Prolonged Noninvasive Ventilation Requirement Following Extubation

Diaphragm atrophy is associated with prolonged postextubation noninvasive positive pressure ventilation in children with acute respiratory failure. Serial bedside diaphragm ultrasound may identify children at risk for prolonged noninvasive positive pressure ventilation use after extubation.