DOCETAX (Docetaxel )

Table of Content

Black Box Warning: Toxic Deaths, Hepatotoxicity, Neutropenia, Hypersensitivity Reactions, And Fluid Retention

The incidence of treatment-related mortality associated with docetaxel therapy is increased in patients with abnormal liver function, in patients receiving higher doses, and in patients with non-small cell lung carcinoma and a history of prior treatment with platinum-based chemotherapy who receive docetaxel as a single agent at a dose of 100 mg/m2

Docetaxel should not be given to patients with bilirubin > upper limit of normal (ULN), or to patients with AST and/or ALT >1.5 × ULN concomitant with alkaline phosphatase >2.5 × ULN. Patients with elevations of bilirubin or abnormalities of transaminase concurrent with alkaline phosphatase are at increased risk for the development of grade 4 neutropenia, febrile neutropenia, infections, severe thrombocytopenia, severe stomatitis, severe skin toxicity, and toxic death. Patients with isolated elevations of transaminase >1.5 × ULN also had a higher rate of febrile neutropenia grade 4 but did not have an increased incidence of toxic death. Bilirubin, AST or ALT, and alkaline phosphatase values should be obtained prior to each cycle of docetaxel therapy.

Docetaxel therapy should not be given to patients with neutrophil counts of <1500 cells/mm3. In order to monitor the occurrence of neutropenia, which may be severe and result in infection, frequent blood cell counts should be performed on all patients receiving docetaxel.

Severe hypersensitivity reactions characterized by generalized rash/erythema, hypotension and/or bronchospasm, or very rarely fatal anaphylaxis, have been reported in patients who received a 3-day dexamethasone premedication. Hypersensitivity reactions require immediate discontinuation of the docetaxel infusion and administration of appropriate therapy. Docetaxel must not be given to patients who have a history of severe hypersensitivity reactions to docetaxel or to other drugs formulated with polysorbate 80.

Severe fluid retention occurred in 6.5% of patients despite use of a 3-day dexamethasone premedication regimen. It was characterized by one or more of the following events: poorly tolerated peripheral edema, generalized edema, pleural effusion requiring urgent drainage, dyspnoea at rest, cardiac tamponade, or pronounced abdominal distention (due to ascites).

Composition

DOCETAX 20

Each single dose vial contains:

Docetaxel ……… 20 mg

Polysorbate 80 IP.........0.5 ml

Each solvent vial contains

Alcohol IP (95% v/v) ........ 13%w/v

(Absolute Alcohol content 15.25%v/v)

Water for injection IP q.s. ..... 1.5 ml

DOCETAX 80

Each single dose vial contains:

Docetaxel ……… 80 mg

Polysorbate 80 IP.........2.0 ml

Each solvent vial contains

Alcohol IP (95% v/v)........ 13%w/v

(Absolute Alcohol content 15.25%v/v)

Water for injection IP q.s. ..... 6.0 ml

DOCETAX 120

Each single dose vial contains:

Docetaxel ……… 120 mg

Polysorbate 80 IP.........3.0 ml

Each solvent vial contains

Alcohol IP (95%v/v)........ 13%w/v

(Absolute Alcohol content 15.25%v/v)

Water for injection IP q.s. ..... 9.0 ml

Dosage Form

Injection

Pharmacology

Pharmacodynamics

Docetaxel is an antineoplastic agent that acts by disrupting the microtubular network in cells that is essential for mitotic and interphase cellular functions. Docetaxel binds to free tubulin and promotes the assembly of tubulin into stable microtubules while simultaneously inhibiting their disassembly. This leads to the production of microtubule bundles without normal function and to the stabilization of microtubules, which results in the inhibition of mitosis in cells. Docetaxel's binding to microtubules does not alter the number of protofilaments in the bound microtubules, a feature which differs from most spindle poisons currently in clinical use.

Pharmacokinetics

Absorption

The pharmacokinetics of docetaxel has been evaluated in cancer patients after administration of 20 mg/m2to 115 mg/m2 in phase 1 studies. The area under the curve (AUC) was dose proportional following doses of 70 mg/m2 to 115 mg/m2 with infusion times of 1 to 2 hours. Docetaxel's pharmacokinetic profile is consistent with a three-compartment pharmacokinetic model, with half-lives for the α, β, and γ phases of 4 min, 36 min, and 11.1 hr, respectively. Mean total body clearance was 21 L/h/m2.

Distribution

The initial rapid decline represents distribution to the peripheral compartments and the late (terminal) phase is due, in part, to a relatively slow efflux of docetaxel from the peripheral compartment. Mean steady state volume of distribution was 113 L. In vitro studies showed that docetaxel is about 94% protein bound, mainly to α1-acid glycoprotein, albumin, and lipoproteins. In three cancer patients, the in vitro binding to plasma proteins was found to be approximately 97%. Dexamethasone does not affect the protein binding of docetaxel.

Metabolism

In vitro drug interaction studies revealed that docetaxel is metabolized by the CYP3A4 isoenzyme, and its metabolism may be modified by the concomitant administration of compounds that induce, inhibit, or are metabolized by cytochrome P450 3A4.

Elimination

A study of 14C-docetaxel was conducted in three cancer patients. Docetaxel was eliminated in both the urine and feces following oxidative metabolism of the tert-butyl ester group, but fecal excretion was the main elimination route. Within 7 days, urinary and fecal excretion accounted for approximately 6% and 75% of the administered radioactivity, respectively. About 80% of the radioactivity recovered in feces is excreted during the first 48 hours as 1 major and 3 minor metabolites with very small amounts (less than 8%) of unchanged drug.

Effect of Age

A population pharmacokinetic analysis was carried out after docetaxel treatment of 535 patients dosed at 100 mg/m2. Pharmacokinetic parameters estimated by this analysis were very close to those estimated from phase 1 studies. The pharmacokinetics of docetaxel was not influenced by age.

Effect of Gender

The population pharmacokinetics analysis described above also indicated that gender did not influence the pharmacokinetics of docetaxel.

Hepatic Impairment

The population pharmacokinetic analysis described above indicated that in patients with clinical chemistry data suggestive of mild to moderate liver impairment (AST and/or ALT >1.5 times ULN concomitant with alkaline phosphatase >2.5 times ULN), total body clearance was lowered by an average of 27%, resulting in a 38% increase in systemic exposure (AUC). This average, however, includes a substantial range and there is, at present, no measurement that would allow recommendation for dose adjustment in such patients. Patients with combined abnormalities of transaminase and alkaline phosphatase should not be treated with docetaxel. Patients with severe hepatic impairment have not been studied.

Effect of Race

Mean total body clearance for Japanese patients dosed at the range of 10 mg/m2 to 90 mg/m2 was similar to that of European/American populations dosed at 100 mg/m2, suggesting no significant difference in the elimination of docetaxel in the two populations.

Effect of Ketoconazole

The effect of ketoconazole (a strong CYP3A4 inhibitor) on the pharmacokinetics of docetaxel was investigated in 7 cancer patients. Patients were randomized to receive either docetaxel (100 mg/m2 intravenous) alone or docetaxel (10 mg/m2 intravenous) in combination with ketoconazole (200 mg orally once daily for 3 days) in a crossover design with a 3-week washout period. The results of this study indicated that the mean dose-normalized AUC of docetaxel was increased 2.2-fold and its clearance was reduced by 49% when docetaxel was co-administration with ketoconazole.

Effect of Combination Therapies

Dexamethasone: Docetaxel total body clearance was not modified by pretreatment with dexamethasone.

Cisplatin: Clearance of docetaxel in combination therapy with cisplatin was similar to that previously observed following monotherapy with docetaxel. The pharmacokinetic profile of cisplatin in combination therapy with docetaxel was similar to that observed with cisplatin alone.

Cisplatin and Fluorouracil: The combined administration of docetaxel, cisplatin and fluorouracil in 12 patients with solid tumors had no influence on the pharmacokinetics of each individual drug.

Prednisone: A population pharmacokinetic analysis of plasma data from 40 patients with hormone-refractory metastatic prostate cancer indicated that docetaxel systemic clearance in combination with prednisone is similar to that observed following administration of docetaxel alone.

Cyclophosphamide and Doxorubicin: A study was conducted in 30 patients with advanced breast cancer to determine the potential for drug-drug-interactions between docetaxel (75 mg/m2), doxorubicin (50 mg/m2), and cyclophosphamide (500 mg/m2) when administered in combination. The co administration of docetaxel had no effect on the pharmacokinetics of doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide when the three drugs were given in combination compared to co administration of doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide only. In addition, doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide had no effect on docetaxel plasma clearance when the three drugs were given in combination compared to historical data for docetaxel monotherapy.

Indications

DOCETAX is indicated for the treatment of patients with locally advanced metastatic breast cancer and non small cell lung cancer

Dosage and Administration

Breast Cancer

  • For locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer after failure of prior chemotherapy, the recommended dose of DOCETAX is 60 mg/m2 to 100 mg/m2 administered intravenously over 1 hour every 3 weeks.
  • For the adjuvant treatment of operable node-positive breast cancer, the recommended DOCETAX dose is 75 mg/m2 administered 1 hour after doxorubicin 50 mg/m2 and cyclophosphamide 500 mg/m2 every 3 weeks for 6 courses. Prophylactic G-CSF may be used to mitigate the risk of haematological toxicities.

Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

  • For treatment after failure of prior platinum-based chemotherapy, DOCETAX was evaluated as monotherapy, and the recommended dose is 75 mg/m2 administered intravenously over 1 hour every 3 weeks. A dose of 100 mg/m2 in patients previously treated with chemotherapy was associated with increased hematologic toxicity, infection, and treatment-related mortality in randomized, controlled trials.
  • For chemotherapy-naïve patients, DOCETAX was evaluated in combination with cisplatin. The recommended dose of DOCETAX is 75 mg/m2 administered intravenously over 1 hour immediately followed by cisplatin 75 mg/m2 over 30–60 minutes every 3 weeks.

Prostate Cancer

  • DOCETAX in combination with prednisone is indicated for the treatment of patients with androgen independent (hormone refractory) metastatic prostate cancer.

Gastric Adenocarcinoma

  • DOCETAX in combination with cisplatin and fluorouracil is indicated for the treatment of patients with advanced gastric adenocarcinoma, including adenocarcinoma of the gastroesophageal junction, who have not received prior chemotherapy for advanced disease.

Head and Neck Cancer

  • DOCETAX in combination with cisplatin and fluorouracil is indicated for the induction treatment of patients with locally advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN).

Premedication Regimen

All patients should be premedicated with oral corticosteroids such as dexamethasone 16 mg per day (e.g., 8 mg BID) for 3 days starting 1 day prior to DOCETAX administration in order to reduce the incidence and severity of fluid retention as well as the severity of hypersensitivity reactions.

Dosage Adjustments during Treatment

Breast Cancer

Patients who are dosed initially at 100 mg/m2 and who experience either febrile neutropenia, neutrophils <500 cells/mm3 for more than 1 week, or severe or cumulative cutaneous reactions during DOCETAX therapy should have the dosage adjusted from 100 mg/m2 to 75 mg/m2. If the patient continues to experience these reactions, the dosage should either be decreased from 75 mg/m2 to 55 mg/m2 or the treatment should be discontinued. Conversely, patients who are dosed initially at 60 mg/m2 and who do not experience febrile neutropenia, neutrophils <500 cells/mm3 for more than 1 week, severe or cumulative cutaneous reactions, or severe peripheral neuropathy during DOCETAX therapy may tolerate higher doses. Patients who develop ≥grade 3 peripheral neuropathy should have DOCETAX treatment discontinued entirely.

Combination Therapy with DOCETAX in the Adjuvant Treatment of Breast Cancer

DOCETAX in combination with doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide should be administered when the neutrophil count is ≥1,500 cells/mm3. Patients who experience febrile neutropenia should receive G-CSF in all subsequent cycles. Patients who continue to experience this reaction should remain on G-CSF and have their DOCETAX dose reduced to 60 mg/m2. Patients who experience grade 3 or 4 stomatitis should have their DOCETAX dose decreased to 60 mg/m2. Patients who experience severe or cumulative cutaneous reactions or moderate neurosensory signs and/or symptoms during DOCETAX therapy should have their dosage of DOCETAX reduced from 75 to 60 mg/m2. If the patient continues to experience these reactions at 60 mg/m2, treatment should be discontinued.

Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

Monotherapy with DOCETAX for NSCLC treatment after failure of prior platinum-based chemotherapy

Patients who are dosed initially at 75 mg/m2 and who experience either febrile neutropenia, neutrophils <500 cells/mm3 for more than one week, severe or cumulative cutaneous reactions, or other grade 3/4 non-hematological toxicities during DOCETAX treatment should have treatment withheld until resolution of the toxicity and then resumed at 55 mg/m2. Patients who develop ≥grade 3 peripheral neuropathy should have DOCETAX treatment discontinued entirely.

Combination therapy with DOCETAX for chemotherapy-naïve NSCLC

For patients who are dosed initially at DOCETAX 75 mg/m2 in combination with cisplatin, and whose nadir of platelet count during the previous course of therapy is <25,000 cells/mm3, in patients who experience febrile neutropenia, and in patients with serious non-hematologic toxicities, the DOCETAX dosage in subsequent cycles should be reduced to 65 mg/m2. In patients who require a further dose reduction, a dose of 50 mg/m2 is recommended. For cisplatin dosage adjustments, see manufacturers' prescribing information.

Prostate Cancer

For hormone-refractory metastatic prostate cancer, the recommended dose of DOCETAX is 75 mg/m2 every 3 weeks as a 1 hour intravenous infusion. Prednisone 5 mg orally twice daily is administered continuously.

Gastric Adenocarcinoma

For gastric adenocarcinoma, the recommended dose of DOCETAX is 75 mg/m2 as a 1 hour intravenous infusion, followed by cisplatin 75 mg/m2, as a 1 to 3 hour intravenous infusion (both on day 1 only), followed by fluorouracil 750 mg/m2 per day given as a 24-hour continuous intravenous infusion for 5 days, starting at the end of the cisplatin infusion. Treatment is repeated every three weeks. Patients must receive premedication with antiemetics and appropriate hydration for cisplatin administration.

Head and Neck Cancer

Patients must receive premedication with antiemetics, and appropriate hydration (prior to and after cisplatin administration). Prophylaxis for neutropenic infections should be administered. All patients treated on the DOCETAX containing arms of the TAX323 and TAX324 studies received prophylactic antibiotics.

Induction chemotherapy followed by radiotherapy (TAX323)

For the induction treatment of locally advanced inoperable SCCHN, the recommended dose of DOCETAX  is 75 mg/m2 as a 1 hour intravenous infusion followed by cisplatin 75 mg/m2 intravenously over 1 hour, on day one, followed by fluorouracil as a continuous intravenous infusion at 750 mg/m2 per day for five days. This regimen is administered every 3 weeks for 4 cycles. Following chemotherapy, patients should receive radiotherapy.

Induction chemotherapy followed by chemoradiotherapy (TAX324)

For the induction treatment of patients with locally advanced (unresectable, low surgical cure, or organ preservation) SCCHN, the recommended dose of DOCETAX is 75 mg/m2 as a 1 hour intravenous infusion on day 1, followed by cisplatin 100 mg/m2 administered as a 30-minute to 3 hour infusion, followed by fluorouracil 1000 mg/m2/day as a continuous infusion from day 1 to day 4. This regimen is administered every 3 weeks for 3 cycles. Following chemotherapy, patients should receive chemoradiotherapy.

Dosage Adjustments During Treatment

Breast Cancer

Patients who are dosed initially at 100 mg/m2 and who experience either febrile neutropenia, neutrophils <500 cells/mm3 for more than 1 week, or severe or cumulative cutaneous reactions during DOCETAX  therapy should have the dosage adjusted from 100 mg/m2 to 75 mg/m2. If the patient continues to experience these reactions, the dosage should either be decreased from 75 mg/m2 to 55 mg/m2 or the treatment should be discontinued. Conversely, patients who are dosed initially at 60 mg/m2 and who do not experience febrile neutropenia, neutrophils <500 cells/mm3 for more than 1 week, severe or cumulative cutaneous reactions, or severe peripheral neuropathy during DOCETAX  therapy may tolerate higher doses. Patients who develop ≥grade 3 peripheral neuropathy should have DOCETAX treatment discontinued entirely.

Combination Therapy with DOCETAX in the Adjuvant Treatment of Breast Cancer

DOCETAX in combination with doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide should be administered when the neutrophil count is ≥1,500 cells/mm3. Patients who experience febrile neutropenia should receive G-CSF in all subsequent cycles. Patients who continue to experience this reaction should remain on G-CSF and have their DOCETAX dose reduced to 60 mg/m2. Patients who experience grade 3 or 4 stomatitis should have their DOCETAX dose decreased to 60 mg/m2. Patients who experience severe or cumulative cutaneous reactions or moderate neurosensory signs and/or symptoms during DOCETAX therapy should have their dosage of DOCETAX reduced from 75 mg/m2 to 60 mg/m2. If the patient continues to experience these reactions at 60 mg/m2, treatment should be discontinued.

Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

Monotherapy with DOCETAX for NSCLC treatment after failure of prior platinum-based chemotherapy

Patients who are dosed initially at 75 mg/m2 and who experience either febrile neutropenia, neutrophils <500 cells/mm3 for more than one week, severe or cumulative cutaneous reactions, or other grade 3/4 non-hematological toxicities during DOCETAX  treatment should have treatment withheld until resolution of the toxicity and then resumed at 55 mg/m2. Patients who develop ≥grade 3 peripheral neuropathy should have DOCETAX treatment discontinued entirely.

Combination therapy with DOCETAX for chemotherapy-naïve NSCLC

For patients who are dosed initially at DOCETAX  75 mg/m2 in combination with cisplatin, and whose nadir of platelet count during the previous course of therapy is <25,000 cells/mm3, in patients who experience febrile neutropenia, and in patients with serious non-hematologic toxicities, the DOCETAX  dosage in subsequent cycles should be reduced to 65 mg/m2. In patients who require a further dose reduction, a dose of 50 mg/m2 is recommended.

Prostate Cancer

Combination therapy with DOCETAX for hormone-refractory metastatic prostate cancer

DOCETAX should be administered when the neutrophil count is ≥1,500 cells/mm3. Patients who experience either febrile neutropenia, neutrophils <500 cells/mm3 for more than one week, severe or cumulative cutaneous reactions or moderate neurosensory signs and/or symptoms during DOCETAX  therapy should have the dosage of DOCETAX  reduced from 75 mg/m2 to 60 mg/m2. If the patient continues to experience these reactions at 60 mg/m2, the treatment should be discontinued.

Gastric or Head and Neck Cancer

DOCETAX in combination with cisplatin and fluorouracil in gastric cancer or head and neck cancer

Patients treated with DOCETAX in combination with cisplatin and fluorouracil must receive antiemetics and appropriate hydration according to institutional guidelines. In both studies, G-CSF was recommended during the second and/or subsequent cycles in case of febrile neutropenia, or documented infection with neutropenia, or neutropenia lasting more than 7 days. If an episode of febrile neutropenia, prolonged neutropenia or neutropenic infection occurs despite G-CSF use, the DOCETAX dose should be reduced from 75 mg/m2 to 60 mg/m2. If subsequent episodes of complicated neutropenia occur the DOCETAX dose should be reduced from 60 mg/m2 to 45 mg/m2. In case of grade 4 thrombocytopenia the DOCETAX dose should be reduced from 75 mg/m2 to 60 mg/m2. Patients should not be retreated with subsequent cycles of DOCETAX until neutrophils recover to a level >1,500 cells/mm3 and platelets recover to a level >100,000 cells/mm3. Discontinue treatment if these toxicities persist.

Table 1: Recommended Dose Modifications for Toxicities in Patients Treated with DOCETAX in Combination with Cisplatin and Fluorouracil

Toxicity

Dosage adjustment

Diarrhea grade 3

First episode: reduce fluorouracil dose by 20%.
Second episode: then reduce DOCETAX dose by 20%.

Diarrhea grade 4

First episode: reduce DOCETAX and fluorouracil doses by 20%.
Second episode: discontinue treatment.

Stomatitis/mucositis grade 3

First episode: reduce fluorouracil dose by 20%.
Second episode: stop fluorouracil only, at all subsequent cycles.
Third episode: reduce DOCETAX dose by 20%.

Stomatitis/mucositis grade 4

First episode: stop fluorouracil only, at all subsequent cycles.
Second episode: reduce DOCETAX dose by 20%.

Liver dysfunction:

In case of AST/ALT >2.5 to ≤5 × ULN and AP ≤2.5 × ULN, or AST/ALT >1.5 to ≤5 × ULN and AP >2.5 to ≤5 × ULN, DOCETAX should be reduced by 20%.

In case of AST/ALT >5 × ULN and/or AP >5 × ULN DOCETAX should be stopped.

Administration Precautions

Solvent for Docetaxel Injection Concentrate is clear colourless solution. It is supplied as an aqueous solution for preparing a premix solution of Docetaxel Injection Concentrate and this premix solution is intended for further dilution with either 0.9% Sodium Chloride Injection IP or 5% Dextrose Injection IP.

DOCETAX is a cytotoxic anticancer drug and, as with other potentially toxic compounds, caution should be exercised when handling and preparing DOCETAX solutions. The use of gloves is recommended.

If DOCETAX Injection Concentrate, initial diluted solution, or final dilution for infusion should come into contact with the skin, immediately and thoroughly wash with soap and water. If DOCETAX Injection Concentrate, initial diluted solution, or final dilution for infusion should come into contact with mucosa, immediately and thoroughly wash with water.

Contact of the DOCETAX concentrate with plasticized PVC equipment or devices used to prepare solutions for infusion is not recommended. In order to minimize patient exposure to the plasticizer DEHP (di-2-ethylhexyl phthalate), which may be leached from PVC infusion bags or sets, the final DOCETAX dilution for infusion should be stored in bottles (glass, polypropylene) or plastic bags (polypropylene, polyolefin) and administered through polyethylene-lined administration sets.

DO NOT use the two-vial formulation (Injection Concentrate and diluent) with the one-vial formulation. Use 1.5 ml solvent vial for DOCETAX-20, 6 ml solvent vial for DOCETAX-80 and 9 ml solvent vial for DOCETAX-120.

Two-vial formulation (Injection Concentrate and Diluent)

DOCETAX Injection Concentrate requires two dilutions prior to administration. Please follow the preparation instructions provided below. Note: Both the DOCETAX Injection Concentrate and the diluent vials contain an overfill to compensate for liquid loss during preparation. This overfill ensures that after dilution with the entire contents of the accompanying diluent, there is an initial diluted solution containing 10 mg/mL docetaxel.

The table below provides the fill range of the Diluent, the approximate extractable volume of Diluent when the entire contents of the diluent vial are withdrawn, and the concentration of the initial diluted solution for DOCETAX 20 mg,DOCETAX 80 mg and DOCETAX 120.

Table 2: Initial Dilution of DOCETAX Injection Concentrate

Product

Diluent 13% (w/w) ethanol in water for injection Fill Range
(mL)

Approximate extractable volume of Diluent when entire contents are withdrawn
(mL)

Concentration of the initial diluted solution
(mg/mL docetaxel)

DOCETAX
20 mg/0.5 mL

1.88 – 2.08 mL

1.8 mL

10 mg/mL

DOCETAX
80 mg/2 mL

6.96 – 7.70 mL

7.1 mL

10 mg/mL

 

DOCETAX120mg/3 mL

9.9 – 10.3 mL

9.5 mL

10 mg/mL

Preparation and Administration

Two-vial formulation (Injection Concentrate and Diluent)

A. Initial Diluted Solution

  1. DOCETAX vials should be stored between 2°C and 25°C (36°F and 77°F). If the vials are stored under refrigeration, allow the appropriate number of vials of DOCETAX Injection Concentrate and diluent (13% ethanol in water for injection) vials to stand at room temperature for approximately 5 minutes.
  2. Aseptically withdraw the entire contents of the appropriate diluent vial (approximately 1.8 mL for DOCETAX 20 mg and approximately 7.1 mL for DOCETAX 80 mg) into a syringe by partially inverting the vial, and transfer it to the appropriate vial of DOCETAX Injection Concentrate. If the procedure is followed as described, an initial diluted solution of 10 mg docetaxel/mL will result.
  3. Mix the initial diluted solution by repeated inversions for at least 45 seconds to assure full mixture of the concentrate and diluent. Do not shake. Rotate the vial gently and allow the initial diluted solution to stand for 5 min.
  4. The initial diluted DOCETAX solution (10 mg docetaxel/mL) should be clear; however, there may be some foam on top of the solution due to the polysorbate 80. Allow the solution to stand for a few minutes to allow any foam to dissipate. It is not required that all foam dissipate prior to continuing the preparation process.

The initial diluted solution may be used immediately or stored either in the refrigerator or at room temperature for a maximum of 8 hours.

B. Final Dilution for Infusion

  1. Aseptically withdraw the required amount of initial diluted DOCETAX solution (10 mg docetaxel/mL) with a calibrated syringe and inject into a 250 mL infusion bag or bottle of either 0.9% Sodium Chloride solution or 5% Dextrose solution to produce a final concentration of 0.3 to 0.74 mg/mL. If a dose greater than 200 mg of DOCETAX is required, use a larger volume of the infusion vehicle so that a concentration of 0.74 mg/mL DOCETAX is not exceeded.
  2. Thoroughly mix the infusion by manual rotation.
  3. As with all parenteral products, DOCETAX should be inspected visually for particulate matter or discoloration prior to administration whenever the solution and container permit. If the DOCETAX initial diluted solution or final dilution for intravenous infusion is not clear or appears to have precipitation, these should be discarded.

The final DOCETAX dilution for infusion should be administered intravenously as a 1-hour infusion under ambient room temperature and lighting conditions.

CONTRAINDICATIONS

  • DOCETAX is contraindicated in patients who have a history of severe hypersensitivity reactions to DOCETAX or to other drugs formulated with polysorbate 80. Severe reactions, including anaphylaxis, have occurred
  • DOCETAX should not be used in patients with neutrophil counts of <1500 cells/mm3.
  • Patients with severe liver impairment.
  • Contraindications for other medicinal products also apply, when combined with DOCETAX.

Warnings and Precautions

General

For breast and non-small cell lung cancers, premedication consisting of an oral corticosteroid, such as dexamethasone 16 mg per day (e.g. 8 mg BID) for 3 days starting 1 day prior to docetaxel administration, unless contraindicated, can reduce the incidence and severity of fluid retention as well as the severity of hypersensitivity reactions. For prostate cancer, the premedication is oral dexamethasone 8 mg, 12 hours, 3 hours and 1 hour before the docetaxel infusion.

Drug interactions

In vitro studies have shown that the metabolism of docetaxel may be modified by the concomitant administration of compounds which induce, inhibit or are metabolised by (and thus may inhibit the enzyme competitively) cytochrome P450 3A such as ciclosporine, ketoconazole and erythromycin. As a result, caution should be exercised when treating patients with these medicinal products as concomitant therapy since there is a potential for a significant interaction.

In case of combination with CYP3A4 inhibitors, the occurrence of docetaxel adverse reactions may increase, as a result of reduced metabolism. If the concomitant use of a strong CYP3A4 inhibitor (e.g., ketoconazole, itraconazole, clarithromycin, indinavir, nefazodone, nelfinavir, ritonavir, saquinavir, telithromycin and voriconazole) cannot be avoided, a close clinical surveillance is warranted and a dose-adjustment of docetaxel may be suitable during the treatment with the strong CYP3A4 inhibitor. In a pharmacokinetic study with 7 patients, the co-administration of docetaxel with the strong CYP3A4 inhibitor ketoconazole leads to a significant decrease in docetaxel clearance by 49%.

Docetaxel pharmacokinetics in the presence of prednisone was studied in patients with metastatic prostate cancer. Docetaxel is metabolised by CYP3A4 and prednisone is known to induce CYP3A4. No statistically significant effect of prednisone on the pharmacokinetics of docetaxel was observed.

Docetaxel is highly protein bound (> 95%). Although the possible in vivo interaction of docetaxel with concomitantly administered medicinal product has not been investigated formally, in vitro interactions with tightly protein-bound agents such as erythromycin, diphenhydramine, propranolol, propafenone, phenytoin, salicylate, sulfamethoxazole and sodium valproate did not affect protein binding of docetaxel. In addition, dexamethasone did not affect protein binding of docetaxel. Docetaxel did not influence the binding of digitoxin.

The pharmacokinetics of docetaxel, doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide were not influenced by their co-administration. Limited data from a single uncontrolled study were suggestive of an interaction between docetaxel and carboplatin. When combined to docetaxel, the clearance of carboplatin was about 50% higher than values previously reported for carboplatin monotherapy

Toxic Deaths

Breast Cancer

Docetaxel administered at 100 mg/m2 was associated with deaths considered possibly or probably related to treatment in 2.0% (19/965) of metastatic breast cancer patients, both previously treated and untreated, with normal baseline liver function and in 11.5% (7/61) of patients with various tumor types who had abnormal baseline liver function (AST and/or ALT >1.5 times ULN together with AP >2.5 times ULN). Among patients dosed at 60 mg/m2, mortality related to treatment occurred in 0.6% (3/481) of patients with normal liver function, and in 3 of 7 patients with abnormal liver function. Approximately half of these deaths occurred during the first cycle. Sepsis accounted for the majority of the deaths.

Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

Docetaxel administered at a dose of 100 mg/m2 in patients with locally advanced or metastatic non-small cell lung cancer who had a history of prior platinum-based chemotherapy was associated with increased treatment-related mortality (14% and 5% in two randomized, controlled studies). There were 2.8% treatment-related deaths among the 176 patients treated at the 75 mg/m2 dose in the randomized trials. Among patients who experienced treatment-related mortality at the 75 mg/m2 dose level, 3 of 5 patients had an ECOG PS of 2 at study entry.

Haematology

Perform frequent peripheral blood cell counts on all patients receiving docetaxel. Patients should not be retreated with subsequent cycles of docetaxel until neutrophils recover to a level >1500 cells/mm3 and platelets recover to a level > 100,000 cells/mm3.

A 25% reduction in the dose of docetaxel is recommended during subsequent cycles following severe neutropenia (<500 cells/mm3) lasting 7 days or more, febrile neutropenia, or a grade 4 infection in a docetaxel cycle

Neutropenia (<2000 neutrophils/mm3) occurs in virtually all patients given 60 mg/m2 to 100 mg/m2 of docetaxel and grade 4 neutropenia (<500 cells/mm3) occurs in 85% of patients given 100 mg/m2 and 75% of patients given 60 mg/m2. Frequent monitoring of blood counts is, therefore, essential so that dose can be adjusted. docetaxel should not be administered to patients with neutrophils <1500 cells/mm3.

Febrile neutropenia occurred in about 12% of patients given 100 mg/m2 but was very uncommon in patients given 60 mg/m2. Hematologic responses, febrile reactions and infections, and rates of septic death for different regimens are dose related.

Three breast cancer patients with severe liver impairment (bilirubin >1.7 times ULN) developed fatal gastrointestinal bleeding associated with severe drug-induced thrombocytopenia. In gastric cancer patients treated with docetaxel in combination with cisplatin and fluorouracil (TCF), febrile neutropenia and/or neutropenic infection occurred in 12% of patients receiving G-CSF compared to 28% who did not. Patients receiving TCF should be closely monitored during the first and subsequent cycles for febrile neutropenia and neutropenic infection in patients treated with docetaxel in combination with cisplatin and 5-fluorouracil (TCF), febrile neutropenia and neutropenic infection occurred at lower rates when patients received prophylactic G-CSF. Patients treated with TCF should receive prophylactic G-CSF to mitigate the risk of complicated neutropenia (febrile neutropenia, prolonged neutropenia or neutropenic infection). Patients receiving TCF should be closely monitored.

In patients treated with docetaxel in combination with doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide (TAC), febrile neutropenia and/or neutropenic infection occurred at lower rates when patients received primary G-CSF prophylaxis. Primary G-CSF prophylaxis should be considered in patients who receive adjuvant therapy with TAC for breast cancer to mitigate the risk of complicated neutropenia (febrile neutropenia, prolonged neutropenia or neutropenic infection). Patients receiving TAC should be closely monitored.

Hypersensitivity reactions

Patients should be observed closely for hypersensitivity reactions, especially during the first and second infusions. Severe hypersensitivity reactions characterized by generalized rash/erythema, hypotension and/or bronchospasm, or very rarely fatal anaphylaxis, have been reported in patients premedicated with 3 days of corticosteroids. Severe hypersensitivity reactions require immediate discontinuation of the docetaxel infusion and aggressive therapy. Patients with a history of severe hypersensitivity reactions should not be rechallenged with docetaxel.

Hypersensitivity reactions may occur within a few minutes following initiation of a docetaxel infusion. If minor reactions such as flushing or localized skin reactions occur, interruption of therapy is not required. All patients should be premedicated with an oral corticosteroid prior to the initiation of the infusion of docetaxel.

Cutaneous reactions

Localised skin erythema of the extremities (palms of the hands and soles of the feet) with oedema followed by desquamation has been observed. In case of severe skin toxicity, an adjustment in dosage is recommended. Severe symptoms such as eruptions followed by desquamation which lead to interruption or discontinuation of docetaxel treatment were reported.

Fluid retention

Patients should be premedicated with oral corticosteroids prior to each docetaxel administration to reduce the incidence and severity of fluid retention. Patients with severe fluid retention such as pleural effusion, pericardial effusion and ascites should be monitored closely. When fluid retention occurs, peripheral edema usually starts in the lower extremities and may become generalized with a median weight gain of 2 kg. Patients developing peripheral edema may be treated with standard measures, e.g., salt restriction, oral diuretic(s).

Respiratory disorders

Acute respiratory distress syndrome, interstitial pneumonia/pneumonitis, interstitial lung disease, pulmonary fibrosis and respiratory failure have been reported and may be associated with fatal outcome. Cases of radiation pneumonitis have been reported in patients receiving concomitant radiotherapy.

If new or worsening pulmonary symptoms develop, patients should be closely monitored, promptly investigated, and appropriately treated. Interruption of docetaxel therapy is recommended until diagnosis is available. Early use of supportive care measures may help improve the condition. The benefit of resuming docetaxel treatment must be carefully evaluated.

Neurologic Reactions

Severe neurosensory symptoms (e.g. paresthesia, dysesthesia, pain) were observed in 5.5% (53/965) of metastatic breast cancer patients, and resulted in treatment discontinuation in 6.1%. When these symptoms occur, dosage must be adjusted. If symptoms persist, treatment should be discontinued. Patients who experienced neurotoxicity in clinical trials and for whom follow-up information on the complete resolution of the event was available had spontaneous reversal of symptoms with a median of 9 weeks from onset (range: 0 to 106 weeks). Severe peripheral motor neuropathy mainly manifested as distal extremity weakness occurred in 4.4% (42/965).

Asthenia

Severe asthenia has been reported in 14.9% (144/965) of metastatic breast cancer patients but has led to treatment discontinuation in only 1.8%. Symptoms of fatigue and weakness may last a few days up to several weeks and may be associated with deterioration of performance status in patients with progressive disease.

Cardiac toxicity

Heart failure has been observed in patients receiving docetaxel in combination with trastuzumab, particularly following anthracycline (doxorubicin or epirubicin)-containing chemotherapy. This may be moderate to severe and has been associated with death.

When patients are candidates for treatment with docetaxel in combination with trastuzumab, they should undergo baseline cardiac assessment. Cardiac function should be further monitored during treatment (e.g. every three months) to help identify patients who may develop cardiac dysfunction. For more details see summary of product characteristics of trastuzumab.

Eye disorders

Cystoid macular oedema (CMO) has been reported in patients treated with docetaxel. Patients with impaired vision should undergo a prompt and complete ophthalmologic examination. In case CMO is diagnosed, docetaxel treatment should be discontinued and appropriate treatment initiated.Alternative non-taxane cancer treatment should be considered.

Alcohol Content

Cases of intoxication have been reported with some formulations of docetaxel due to the alcohol content. The alcohol content in a dose of docetaxel Injection may affect the central nervous system and should be taken into account for patients in whom alcohol intake should be avoided or minimized. Consideration should be given to the alcohol content in docetaxel Injection on the ability to drive or use machines immediately after the infusion. Each administration of docetaxel Injection at 100 mg/m2 delivers 2.0 g/m2 of ethanol. For a patient with a BSA of 2.0 m2, this would deliver 4.0 grams of ethanol. Other docetaxel products may have a different amount of alcohol.

Solvent

The solvent is not to be injected as such. It is only to be used as diluent for Docetaxel Injection Concentrate.

Excipients

This medicinal product contains absolute alcohol, harmful for those suffering from alcoholism.

To be taken into account in pregnant or breast-feeding women, children and high-risk groups such as patients with liver disease, or epilepsy.

Consideration should be given to possible effects on the central nervous system.

The amount of alcohol in this medicinal product may alter the effects of other medicinal products.

The amount of alcohol in this medicinal product may impair the patient’s ability to drive or use machines.

Women of childbearing potential /contraception:

Women of childbearing age receiving docetaxel should be advised to avoid becoming pregnant, and to inform the treating physician immediately should this occur.

An effective method of contraception should be used during treatment in both males and females.

In non clinical studies, docetaxel has genotoxic effects and may alter male fertility. Therefore, men being treated with docetaxel are advised not to father a child during and up to 6 months after treatment and to seek advice on conservation of sperm prior to treatment.

Effects on ability to drive and use machines

No studies on the effects on the ability to drive and use machines have been performed. The ethanol content of this medicinal product may impair the ability to drive or use machines.

Additional cautions for use in adjuvant treatment of breast cancer

Complicated neutropenia

For patients who experience complicated neutropenia (prolonged neutropenia, febrile neutropenia or infection), G-CSF and dose reduction should be considered.

Gastrointestinal reactions

Symptoms such as early abdominal pain and tenderness, fever, diarrhoea, with or without neutropenia, may be early manifestations of serious gastrointestinal toxicity and should be evaluated and treated promptly.

Congestive heart failure (CHF)

Patients should be monitored for symptoms of congestive heart failure during therapy and during the follow up period. In patients treated with the TAC regimen for node positive breast cancer, the risk of CHF has been shown to be higher during the first year after treatment.

Leukaemia

Treatment-related acute myeloid leukemia (AML) or myelodysplasia has occurred in patients given anthracyclines and/or cyclophosphamide, including use in adjuvant therapy for breast cancer. In the docetaxel, doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide (TAC) treated patients, the risk of delayed myelodysplasia or myeloid leukaemia requires haematological follow-up.

Patients with 4+ nodes

As the benefit observed in patient with 4+ nodes was not statistically significant on disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS), the positive benefit/risk ratio for TAC in patients with 4+ nodes was not fully demonstrated at the final analysis.

Patients with renal impairment

There are no data available in patients with severely impaired renal function treated with docetaxel.

Patients with hepatic impairment

In patients treated with docetaxel at 100 mg/m2 as single agent who have serum transaminase levels (ALT and/or AST) greater than 1.5 times the ULN concurrent with serum alkaline phosphatase levels greater than 2.5 times the ULN, there is a higher risk of developing severe adverse reactions such as toxic deaths including sepsis and gastrointestinal haemorrhage which can be fatal, febrile neutropenia, infections, thrombocytopenia, stomatitis and asthenia. Therefore, the recommended dose of docetaxel in those patients with elevated liver function test (LFTs) is 75 mg/m2 and LFTs should be measured at baseline and before each cycle.

For patients with serum bilirubin levels > ULN and/or ALT and AST > 3.5 times the ULN concurrent with serum alkaline phosphatase levels > 6 times the ULN, no dose-reduction can be recommended and docetaxel should not be used unless strictly indicated.

In combination with cisplatin and 5-fluorouracil for the treatment of patients with gastric adenocarcinoma, the pivotal clinical study excluded patients with ALT and/or AST > 1.5 × ULN associated with alkaline phosphatase > 2.5 × ULN, and bilirubin > 1 x ULN; for these patients, no dose-reductions can be recommended and docetaxel should not be used unless strictly indicated. No data are available in patients with hepatic impairment treated by docetaxel in combination in the other indications.

Pregnancy

Pregnancy Category D

Based on its mechanism of action and findings in animals, docetaxel can cause foetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman. If docetaxel is used during pregnancy, or if the patient becomes pregnant while receiving this drug, the patient should be apprised of the potential hazard to the foetus.

Docetaxel can cause foetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman. Studies in both rats and rabbits at doses ≥0.3 and 0.03 mg/kg/day, respectively (about 1/50 and 1/300 the daily maximum recommended human dose on a mg/m2 basis), administered during the period of organogenesis, have shown that docetaxel is embryotoxic and foetotoxic (characterized by intrauterine mortality, increased resorption, reduced foetal weight, and foetal ossification delay). The doses indicated above also caused maternal toxicity.

Lactation

Docetaxel is a lipophilic substance but it is not known whether it is excreted in human milk. Because many drugs are excreted in human milk, and because of the potential for serious adverse reactions in nursing infants from docetaxel, a decision should be made whether to discontinue nursing or to discontinue the drug, taking into account the importance of the drug to the mother.

Paediatric population

The safety and efficacy of docetaxelin nasopharyngeal carcinoma in children aged 1 month to less than 18 years have not yet been established.

There is no relevant use of docetaxel in the paediatric population in the indications breast cancer, non-small cell lung cancer, prostate cancer, gastric carcinoma and head and neck cancer, not including type II and III less differentiated nasopharyngeal carcinoma.

Geriatric Use

In general, dose selection for an elderly patient should be cautious, reflecting the greater frequency of decreased hepatic, renal, or cardiac function and of concomitant disease or other drug therapy in elderly patients.

There are limited data available in patients >70 years of age on docetaxel use in combination with doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide.

In patients treated with docetaxel every three weeks in a prostate cancer study, the incidence of related nail changes occurred at a rate GREATER-THAN OR EQUAL TO (8805)10% higher in patients who were 65 years of age or greater compared to younger patients. The incidence of related fever, diarrhoea, anorexia, and peripheral oedema occurred at rates GREATER-THAN OR EQUAL TO (8805)10% higher in patients who were 75 years of age or greater versus less than 65 years.

The incidence of serious adverse events in patients treated with docetaxel in combination with cisplatin and 5-fluorouracil in the gastric cancer study was higher in the elderly patients compared to younger patients. The incidence of the following adverse events (all grades): lethargy, stomatitis, neutropenic infection occurred at rates GREATER-THAN OR EQUAL TO (8805)10% higher in patients who were 65 years of age or older compared to younger patients.

Elderly patients treated with TCF should be closely monitored.

In combination with capecitabine, for patients 60 years of age or more, a starting dose reduction of capecitabine to 75% is recommended (see capecitabine summary of product characteristics).

Undesirable Effects

The most serious adverse reactions from docetaxel are:

  • Toxic Deaths
  • Hepatotoxicity
  • Neutropenia
  • Hypersensitivity
  • Fluid Retention

The most common adverse reactions across all docetaxel indications are infections, neutropenia, anaemia, febrile neutropenia, hypersensitivity, thrombocytopenia, neuropathy, dysgeusia, dyspnea, constipation, anorexia, nail disorders, fluid retention, asthenia, pain, nausea, diarrhoea, vomiting, mucositis, alopecia, skin reactions, and myalgia. Incidence varies depending on the indication.

Responding patients may not experience an improvement in performance status on therapy and may experience worsening. The relationship between changes in performance status, response to therapy, and treatment-related side effects has not been established.

The adverse reactions considered to be possibly or probably related to the administration of docetaxel have been obtained in:

  • 1312 and 121 patients who received 100 mg/m2 and 75 mg/m2 of docetaxel as a single agent respectively.
  • 258 patients who received docetaxel in combination with doxorubicin.
  • 406 patients who received docetaxel in combination with cisplatin.
  • 92 patients treated with docetaxel in combination with trastuzumab.
  • 255 patients who received docetaxel in combination with capecitabine.
  • 332 patients who received docetaxel in combination with prednisone or prednisolone (clinically important treatment related adverse events are presented).
  • 1276 patients (744 and 532 in TAX 316 and GEICAM 9805 respectively) who received docetaxel in combination with doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide (clinically important treatment related adverse events are presented).
  • 300 gastric adenocarcinoma patients (221 patients in the phase III part of the study and 79 patients in the phase II part) who received docetaxel in combination with cisplatin and 5-fluorouracil (clinically important treatment related adverse events are presented).
  • 74 and 251 head and neck cancer patients who received docetaxel in combination with cisplatin and 5-fluorouracil (clinically important treatment related adverse events are presented).

These reactions were described using the National Cancer Institute (NCI) Common Toxicity Criteria (grade 3 = G3; grade 3-4 = G3/4; grade 4 = G4), The Coding Symbols for a Thesaurus of Adverse Reaction Terms (COSTART) and the Medical Dictionary for Regulatory Activities (MedDRA) terms. Frequencies are defined as: very common (≥ 1/10), common (≥ 1/100 to < 1/10); uncommon (≥ 1/1,000 to < 1/100); rare (≥ 1/10,000 to < 1/1,000); very rare (< 1/10,000); not known (cannot be estimated from available data).

Within each frequency grouping, undesirable effects are presented in order of decreasing seriousness.

The most commonly reported adverse reactions of docetaxel alone are: neutropenia (which was reversible and not cumulative; the median day to nadir was 7 days and the median duration of severe neutropenia (< 500 cells/mm3) was 7 days), anaemia, alopecia, nausea, vomiting, stomatitis, diarrhoea and asthenia. The severity of adverse events of docetaxel may be increased when docetaxel is given in combination with other chemotherapeutic agents.

For combination with trastuzumab, adverse events (all grades) reported in ≥ 10% are displayed. There was an increased incidence of SAEs (40% vs. 31%) and Grade 4 AEs (34% vs. 23%) in the trastuzumab combination arm compared to docetaxel monotherapy.

For combination with capecitabine, the most frequent treatment-related undesirable effects (≥ 5%) reported in a phase III study in breast cancer patients failing anthracycline treatment are presented (see capecitabine summary of product characteristics).

The following adverse reactions are frequently observed with docetaxel:

Immune system disorders

Hypersensitivity reactions have generally occurred within a few minutes following the start of the infusion of docetaxel and were usually mild to moderate. The most frequently reported symptoms were flushing, rash with or without pruritus, chest tightness, back pain, dyspnoea and fever or chills. Severe reactions were characterised by hypotension and/or bronchospasm or generalized rash/erythema.

Nervous system disorders

The development of severe peripheral neurotoxicity requires a reduction of dose. Mild to moderate neuro-sensory signs are characterised by paresthesia, dysesthesia or pain including burning. Neuro-motor events are mainly characterised by weakness.

Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders

Reversible cutaneous reactions have been observed and were generally considered as mild to moderate. Reactions were characterised by a rash including localised eruptions mainly on the feet and hands (including severe hand and foot syndrome), but also on the arms, face or thorax, and frequently associated with pruritus. Eruptions generally occurred within one week after the docetaxel infusion. Less frequently, severe symptoms such as eruptions followed by desquamation which rarely lead to interruption or discontinuation of docetaxel treatment were reported. Severe nail disorders are characterised by hypo- or hyperpigmentation and sometimes pain and onycholysis.

General disorders and administration site conditions

Infusion site reactions were generally mild and consisted of hyper pigmentation, inflammation, redness or dryness of the skin, phlebitis or extravasation and swelling of the vein.

Fluid retention includes events such as peripheral oedema and less frequently pleural effusion, pericardial effusion, ascites and weight gain. The peripheral oedema usually starts at the lower extremities and may become generalised with a weight gain of 3 kg or more. Fluid retention is cumulative in incidence and severity.

Table 3: Tabulated list of adverse reactions in breast cancer for docetaxel 100 mg/m2 single agent

MedDRA system organ classes

Very common adverse reactions

Common adverse reactions

Uncommon adverse reactions

Infections and infestations

Infections (G3/4: 5.7%; including sepsis and pneumonia, fatal in 1.7%)

Infection associated with G4 neutropenia (G3/4: 4.6%)

 

Blood and lymphatic system disorders

Neutropenia (G4: 76.4%);

Anaemia (G3/4: 8.9%);

Febrile neutropenia

Thrombocytopenia (G4: 0.2%)

 

Immune system disorders

Hypersensitivity (G3/4: 5.3%)

 

 

Metabolism and nutrition disorders

Anorexia

 

 

Nervous system disorders

Peripheral sensory neuropathy (G3: 4.1%);

Peripheral motor neuropathy (G3/4: 4%);

Dysgeusia (severe: 0.07%)

 

 

Cardiac disorders

 

Arrhythmia (G3/4: 0.7%)

Cardiac failure

Vascular disorders

 

Hypotension;

Hypertension;

Haemorrhage

 

Respiratory, thoracic and mediastinal disorders

Dyspnoea (severe: 2.7%)

 

 

Gastrointestinal disorders

Stomatitis (G3/4: 5.3%);

Diarrhoea (G3/4: 4%);

Nausea (G3/4: 4%);

Vomiting (G3/4: 3%)

Constipation (severe: 0.2%);

Abdominal pain (severe: 1%);

Gastrointestinal haemorrhage (severe: 0.3%)

Oesophagitis (severe: 0.4%)

Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders

Alopecia;

Skin reaction (G3/4: 5.9%);

Nail disorders (severe: 2.6%)

 

 

Musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders

Myalgia (severe: 1.4%)

Arthralgia

 

General disorders and administration site conditions

Fluid retention (severe: 6.5%);

Asthenia (severe: 11.2%);

Pain

Infusion site reaction;

Non-cardiac chest pain (severe: 0.4%)

 

Investigations

 

G3/4 Blood bilirubin increased (< 5%);

G3/4 Blood alkaline phosphatase increased (< 4%);

G3/4 AST increased (< 3%);

G3/4 ALT increased (< 2%)

 

Description of selected adverse reactions in breast cancer for docetaxel 100 mg/m2 single agent

Blood and lymphatic system disorders

Rare: bleeding episodes associated with grade 3/4 thrombocytopenia.

Nervous system disorders

Reversibility data are available among 35.3% of patients who developed neurotoxicity following docetaxel treatment at 100 mg/m2 as single agent. The events were spontaneously reversible within 3 months.

Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders

Very rare: one case of alopecia non-reversible at the end of the study. 73% of the cutaneous reactions were reversible within 21 days.

General disorders and administration site conditions

The median cumulative dose to treatment discontinuation was more than 1,000 mg/mand the median time to fluid retention reversibility was 16.4 weeks (range 0 to 42 weeks). The onset of moderate and severe retention is delayed (median cumulative dose: 818.9 mg/m2) in patients with premedication compared with patients without premedication (median cumulative dose: 489.7 mg/m2); however, it has been reported in some patients during the early courses of therapy.

Table 4: Tabulated list of adverse reactions in non-small cell lung cancer for docetaxel 75 mg/m2 single agent

MedDRA system organ classes

Very common adverse reactions

Common adverse reactions

Infections and infestations

Infections (G3/4: 5%)

 

Blood and lymphatic system disorders

Neutropenia (G4: 54.2%);

Anaemia (G3/4: 10.8%);

Thrombocytopenia (G4: 1.7%)

Febrile neutropenia

Immune system disorders

 

Hypersensitivity (no severe)

Metabolism and nutrition disorders

Anorexia

 

Nervous system disorders

Peripheral sensory neuropathy (G3/4: 0.8%)

Peripheral motor neuropathy (G3/4: 2.5%)

Cardiac disorders

 

Arrhythmia (no severe)

Vascular disorders

 

Hypotension

Gastrointestinal disorders

Nausea (G3/4: 3.3%);

Stomatitis (G3/4: 1.7%);

Vomiting (G3/4: 0.8%);

Diarrhoea (G3/4: 1.7%)

Constipation

Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders

Alopecia;

Skin reaction (G3/4: 0.8%)

Nail disorders (severe: 0.8%)

Musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders

 

Myalgia

General disorders and administration site conditions

Asthenia (severe: 12.4%);

Fluid retention (severe: 0.8%);

Pain

 

Investigations

 

G3/4 Blood bilirubin increased (< 2%)

Table 5: Tabulated list of adverse reactions in breast cancer for docetaxel 75 mg/m2 in combination with doxorubicin

MedDRA system organ classes

Very common adverse reactions

Common adverse reactions

Uncommon adverse reactions

Infections and infestations

Infection (G3/4: 7.8%)

 

 

Blood and lymphatic system disorders

Neutropenia (G4: 91.7%);

Anaemia (G3/4: 9.4%);

Febrile neutropenia;

Thrombocytopenia (G4: 0.8%)

 

 

Immune system disorders

 

Hypersensitivity (G3/4: 1.2%)

 

Metabolism and nutrition disorders

 

Anorexia

 

Nervous system disorders

Peripheral sensory neuropathy (G3: 0.4%)

Peripheral motor neuropathy (G3/4: 0.4%)

 

Cardiac disorders

 

Cardiac failure;

Arrhythmia (no severe)

 

Vascular disorders

 

 

Hypotension

Gastrointestinal disorders

Nausea (G3/4: 5%);

Stomatitis (G3/4: 7.8%);

Diarrhoea (G3/4: 6.2%);

Vomiting (G3/4: 5%);

Constipation

 

 

Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders

Alopecia;

Nail disorders (severe: 0.4%);

Skin reaction (no severe)

 

 

Musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders

 

Myalgia

 

General disorders and administration site conditions

Asthenia (severe: 8.1%);

Fluid retention (severe: 1.2%);

Pain

Infusion site reaction

 

Investigations

 

G3/4 Blood bilirubin increased (< 2.5%);

G3/4 Blood alkaline phosphatase increased (< 2.5%)

G3/4 AST increased (< 1%);

G3/4 ALT increased (< 1%)

Table 6: Tabulated list of adverse reactions in non-small cell lung cancer for docetaxel 75 mg/m2 in combination with cisplatin

MedDRA system organ classes

Very common adverse reactions

Common adverse reactions

Uncommon adverse reactions

Infections and infestations

Infection (G3/4: 5.7%)

 

 

Blood and lymphatic system disorders

Neutropenia (G4: 51.5%);

Anaemia (G3/4: 6.9%);

Thrombocytopenia (G4: 0.5%)

Febrile neutropenia

 

Immune system disorders

Hypersensitivity (G3/4: 2.5%)

 

 

Metabolism and nutrition disorders

Anorexia

 

 

Nervous system disorders

Peripheral sensory neuropathy (G3: 3.7%);

Peripheral motor neuropathy (G3/4: 2%)

 

 

Cardiac disorders

 

Arrhythmia (G3/4: 0.7%)

Cardiac failure

Vascular disorders

 

Hypotension (G3/4: 0.7%)

 

Gastrointestinal disorders

Nausea (G3/4: 9.6%);

Vomiting (G3/4: 7.6%);

Diarrhoea (G3/4: 6.4%);

Stomatitis (G3/4: 2%)

Constipation

 

Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders

Alopecia;

Nail disorders (severe: 0.7%);

Skin reaction (G3/4: 0.2%)

 

 

Musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders

Myalgia (severe: 0.5%)

 

 

General disorders and administration site conditions

Asthenia (severe: 9.9%);

Fluid retention (severe: 0.7%);

Fever (G3/4: 1.2%)

Infusion site reaction;

Pain

 

Investigations

 

G3/4 Blood bilirubin increased (2.1%);

G3/4 ALT increased (1.3%)

G3/4 AST increased (0.5%);

G3/4 Blood alkaline phosphatase increased (0.3%)

Table 7: Tabulated list of adverse reactions in breast cancer for docetaxel 100 mg/m2 in combination with Trastuzumab

MedDRA system organ classes

Very common adverse reactions

Common adverse reactions

Blood and lymphatic system disorders

Neutropenia (G3/4: 32%); Febrile neutropenia (includes neutropenia associated with fever and antibiotic use) or neutropenic sepsis

 

Metabolism and nutrition disorders

Anorexia

 

Psychiatric disorders

Insomnia

 

Nervous system disorders

Paresthesia; Headache; Dysgeusia; Hypoaesthesia

 

Eye disorders

Lacrimation increased; Conjunctivitis

 

Cardiac disorders

 

Cardiac failure

Vascular disorders

Lymphoedema

 

Respiratory, thoracic and mediastinal disorders

Epistaxis; Pharyngolaryngeal pain; Nasopharyngitis; Dyspnoea; Cough; Rhinorrhoea

 

Gastrointestinal disorders

Nausea; Diarrhoea; Vomiting; Constipation; Stomatitis; Dyspepsia; Abdominal pain

 

Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders

Alopecia; Erythema; Rash; Nail disorders

 

Musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders

Myalgia; Arthralgia; Pain in extremity; Bone pain; Back pain

 

General disorders and administration site conditions

Asthenia; Oedema peripheral; Pyrexia; Fatigue; Mucosal inflammation; Pain; Influenza like illness; Chest pain; Chills

Lethargy

Investigations

Weight increased

 

Description of selected adverse reactions in breast cancer for docetaxel 100 mg/m2 in combination with Trastuzumab

Blood and lymphatic system disorders

Very common: Haematological toxicity was increased in patients receiving trastuzumab and docetaxel, compared with docetaxel alone (32% grade 3/4 neutropenia versus 22%, using NCI-CTC criteria). Note that this is likely to be an underestimate since docetaxel alone at a dose of 100 mg/m2 is known to result in neutropenia in 97% of patients, 76% grade 4, based on nadir blood counts. The incidence of febrile neutropenia/neutropenic sepsis was also increased in patients treated with Herceptin plus docetaxel (23% versus 17% for patients treated with docetaxel alone).

Cardiac disorders

Symptomatic cardiac failure was reported in 2.2% of the patients who received docetaxel plus trastuzumab compared to 0% of patients given docetaxel alone. In the docetaxel plus trastuzumab arm, 64% had received a prior anthracycline as adjuvant therapy compared with 55% in the docetaxel arm alone.

Table 8: Tabulated list of adverse reactions in breast cancer for docetaxel 75 mg/m2 in combination with Capecitabine

MedDRA system organ classes

Very common adverse reactions

Common adverse reactions

Infections and infestations

 

Oral candidiasis (G3/4: < 1%)

Blood and lymphatic system disorders

Neutropenia (G3/4: 63%);

Anaemia (G3/4: 10%)

Thrombocytopenia (G3/4: 3%)

Metabolism and nutrition disorders

Anorexia (G3/4: 1%);

Decreased appetite

Dehydration (G3/4: 2%)

Nervous system disorders

Dysgeusia (G3/4: < 1%);

Paraesthesia (G3/4: < 1%)

Dizziness;

Headache (G3/4: < 1%);

Neuropathy peripheral

Eye disorders

Lacrimation increased

 

Respiratory, thoracic and mediastinal disorders

Pharyngolaryngeal pain (G3/4: 2%)

Dyspnoea (G3/4: 1%);

Cough (G3/4: < 1%);

Epistaxis (G3/4: < 1%)

Gastrointestinal disorders

Stomatitis (G3/4: 18%);

Diarrhoea (G3/4: 14%);

Nausea (G3/4: 6%);

Vomiting (G3/4: 4%);

Constipation (G3/4: 1%);

Abdominal pain (G3/4: 2%);

Dyspepsia

Abdominal pain upper;

Dry mouth

Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders

Hand-foot syndrome (G3/4: 24%);

Alopecia (G3/4: 6%);

Nail disorders (G3/4: 2%)

Dermatitis;

Rash erythematous (G3/4: < 1%);

Nail discolouration;

Onycholysis (G3/4: 1%)

Musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders

Myalgia (G3/4: 2%);

Arthralgia (G3/4: 1%)

Pain in extremity (G3/4: < 1%);

Back pain (G3/4: 1%)

General disorders and administration site conditions

Asthenia (G3/4: 3%);

Pyrexia (G3/4: 1%);

Fatigue/weakness (G3/4: 5%);

Oedema peripheral (G3/4: 1%)

Lethargy;

Pain

Investigations

 

Weight decreased;

G3/4 Blood bilirubin increased (9%)

Table 9: Tabulated list of adverse reactions in prostate cancer for docetaxel 75 mg/m2 in combination with prednisone or prednisolone

MedDRA system organ classes

Very common adverse reactions

Common adverse reactions

Infections and infestations

Infection (G3/4: 3.3%)

 

Blood and lymphatic system disorders

Neutropenia (G3/4: 32%);

Anaemia (G3/4: 4.9%)

Thrombocytopenia (G3/4: 0.6%);

Febrile neutropenia

Immune system disorders

 

Hypersensitivity (G3/4: 0.6%)

Metabolism and nutrition disorders

Anorexia (G3/4: 0.6%)

 

Nervous system disorders

Peripheral sensory neuropathy (G3/4: 1.2%);

Dysgeusia (G3/4: 0%)

Peripheral motor neuropathy (G3/4: 0%)

Eye disorders

 

Lacrimation increased (G3/4: 0.6%)

Cardiac disorders

 

Cardiac left ventricular function decrease (G3/4: 0.3%)

Respiratory, thoracic and mediastinal disorders

 

Epistaxis (G3/4: 0%);

Dyspnoea (G3/4: 0.6%);

Cough (G3/4: 0%)

Gastrointestinal disorders

Nausea (G3/4: 2.4%);

Diarrhoea (G3/4: 1.2%);

Stomatitis/Pharyngitis (G3/4: 0.9%);

Vomiting (G3/4: 1.2%)

 

Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders

Alopecia;

Nail disorders (no severe)

Exfoliative rash (G3/4: 0.3%)

Musculoskeletal and connective bone disorders

 

Arthralgia (G3/4: 0.3%);

Myalgia (G3/4: 0.3%)

General disorders and administration site conditions

Fatigue (G3/4: 3.9%);

Fluid retention (severe: 0.6%)

 

Table 10: Tabulated list of adverse reactions in breast cancer for adjuvant therapy with docetaxel 75 mg/m2 in combination with doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide in patients with node-positive (TAX 316) and node-negative (GEICAM 9805) breast cancer - pooled data

MedDRA System Organ classes

Very common adverse reactions

Common adverse reactions

Uncommon adverse reactions

Infections and infestations

Infection (G3/4: 2.4%);

Neutropenic infection (G3/4: 2.6%)

 

 

Blood and lymphatic system disorders

Anaemia (G3/4: 3%);

Neutropenia (G3/4: 59.2%);

Thrombocytopenia (G3/4: 1.6%);

Febrile neutropenia (G3/4: NA)

 

 

Immune system disorders

 

Hypersensitivity (G3/4: 0.6%)

 

Metabolism and nutrition disorders

Anorexia (G3/4: 1.5%)

 

 

Nervous system disorders

Dysgeusia (G3/4: 0.6%);

Peripheral sensory neuropathy (G3/4: <0.1%)

Peripheral motor neuropathy (G3/4: 0%)

Syncope (G3/4: 0%);

Neurotoxicity (G3/4: 0%);

Somnolence (G3/4: 0%)

Eye disorders

Conjunctivitis (G3/4: <0.1%)

Lacrimation increased (G3/4: <0.1%)

 

Cardiac disorders

 

Arrhythmia (G3/4: 0.2%)

 

Vascular disorders

Hot flush (G3/4: 0.5%)

Hypotension (G3/4: 0%);

Phlebitis (G3/4: 0%)

Lymphoedema (G3/4: 0%)

Respiratory, thoracic and mediastinal disorders

 

Cough (G3/4: 0%)

 

Gastrointestinal disorders

Nausea (G3/4: 5.0%);

Stomatitis (G3/4: 6.0%);

Vomiting (G3/4: 4.2%);

Diarrhoea (G3/4: 3.4%);

Constipation (G3/4: 0.5%)

Abdominal pain (G3/4: 0.4%)

 

Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders

Alopecia (persisting: <3%);

Skin disorder (G3/4: 0.6%);

Nail disorders (G3/4: 0.4%)

 

 

Musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders

Myalgia (G3/4: 0.7%);

Arthralgia (G3/4: 0.2%)

 

 

Reproductive system and breast disorders

Amenorrhoea (G3/4: NA)

 

 

General disorders and administration site conditions

Asthenia (G3/4: 10.0%);

Pyrexia (G3/4: NA);

Oedema peripheral (G3/4: 0.2%)

 

 

Investigations

 

Weight increased (G3/4: 0%);

Weight decreased (G3/4: 0.2%)

 

Description of selected adverse reactions in breast cancer for adjuvant therapy with docetaxel 75 mg/m2 in combination with doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide in patients with node-positive (TAX 316) and node-negative (GEICAM 9805) breast cancer

Nervous system disorders

Peripheral sensory neuropathy was observed to be ongoing during follow-up in 10 patients out of the 84 patients with peripheral sensory neuropathy at the end of the chemotherapy in the node positive breast cancer study (TAX316).

Cardiac disorders

In study TAX316, 26 patients (3.5%) in the TAC arm and 17 patients (2.3%) in the FAC arm experienced congestive heart failure. All except one patient in each arm were diagnosed with CHF more than 30 days after the treatment period. Two patients in the TAC arm and 4 patients in the FAC arm died because of cardiac failure.

In GEICAM 9805 study, 3 patients (0.6 %) in TAC arm and 3 patients (0.6 %) in FAC arm developed congestive heart failure during the follow-up period. One patient in TAC arm died because of dilated cardiomyopathy.

Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders

In study TAX316, alopecia persisting into the follow-up period after the end of chemotherapy was reported in 687 of 744 TAC patients and 645 of 736 FAC patients.

At the end of the follow-up period (actual median follow-up time of 96 months), alopecia was observed to be ongoing in 29 TAC patients (3.9%) and 16 FAC patients (2.2%).

In GEICAM 9805 study, alopecia persisted into the follow-up period (median follow-up time of 10 years and 5 months) and was observed to be ongoing in 49 patients (9.2 %) in TAC arm and 35 patients (6.7 %) in FAC arm. Alopecia related to study drug started or worsened during the follow-up period in 42 patients (7.9 %) in TAC arm and 30 patients (5.8 %) in FAC arm.

Reproductive system and breast disorders

Amenorrhoea was observed to be ongoing during follow-up in 121 patients out of the 202 patients with amenorrhoea at the end of the chemotherapy in study TAX316.

In GEICAM 9805 study, amenorrhoea persisted into the follow-up period (median follow-up time of 10 years and 5 months) and was observed to be ongoing in 18 patients (3.4 %) in TAC arm and 5 patients (1.0 %) in FAC arm.

General disorders and administration site conditions

In study TAX316, peripheral oedema was observed to be ongoing in 19 patients out of the 119 patients with peripheral oedema in the TAC arm and 4 patients out of the 23 patients with peripheral oedema in the FAC arm.

In study GEICAM 9805, lymphoedema was observed to be ongoing in 4 of the 5 patients in TAC arm and in 1 of the 2 patients in FAC arm at the end of the chemotherapy, and did not resolve during the follow-up period (median follow-up time of 10 years and 5 months). Asthenia persisted into the follow-up period (median follow-up time of 10 years and 5 months) and was observed to be ongoing in 12 patients (2.3 %) in TAC arm and 4 patients (0.8 %) in FAC arm.

Acute leukaemia / Myelodysplastic syndrome.

After 10 years of follow up in study TAX316, acute leukaemia was reported in 4 of 744 TAC patients and in 1 of 736 FAC patients. Myelodysplastic syndrome was reported in 2 of 744 TAC patients and in 1 of 736 FAC patients.

After 10 years of follow-up in GEICAM 9805 study, acute leukaemia occurred in 1 of 532 (0.2%) patients in TAC arm. No cases were reported in patients in FAC arm. No patient was diagnosed with myelodysplastic syndrome in either treatment groups.

Neutropenic complications

Table below shows that the incidence of Grade 4 neutropenia, febrile neutropenia and neutropenic infection was decreased in patients who received primary G-CSF prophylaxis after it was made mandatory in the TAC arm – GEICAM STUDY.

Table 11: Neutropenic complications in patients receiving TAC with or without primary G-CSF prophylaxis (GEICAM 9805)

 

Without primary

G-CSF prophylaxis

(n = 111)

n (%)

With primary

G-CSF prophylaxis

(n = 421)

n (%)

Neutropenia (Grade 4)

104 (93.7)

135 (32.1)

Febrile neutropenia

28 (25.2)

23 (5.5)

Neutropenic infection

14 (12.6)

21 (5.0)

Neutropenic infection (Grade 3-4)

2 (1.8)

5 (1.2)

Table 12: Tabulated list of adverse reactions in gastric adenocarcinoma cancer for docetaxel 75 mg/m2 in combination with cisplatin and 5-fluorouracil

MedDRA system organ classes

Very common adverse reactions

Common adverse reactions

Infections and infestations

Neutropenic infection;

Infection (G3/4: 11.7%)

 

Blood and lymphatic system disorders

Anaemia (G3/4: 20.9%);

Neutropenia (G3/4: 83.2%);

Thrombocytopenia (G3/4: 8.8%);

Febrile neutropenia

 

Immune system disorders

Hypersensitivity (G3/4: 1.7%)

 

Metabolism and nutrition disorders

Anorexia (G3/4: 11.7%)

 

Nervous system disorders

Peripheral sensory neuropathy (G3/4: 8.7%)

Dizziness (G3/4: 2.3%);

Peripheral motor neuropathy (G3/4: 1.3%)

Eye disorders

 

Lacrimation increased (G3/4: 0%)

Ear and labyrinth disorders

 

Hearing impaired (G3/4: 0%)

Cardiac disorders

 

Arrhythmia (G3/4: 1.0%)

Gastrointestinal disorders

Diarrhoea (G3/4: 19.7%);

Nausea (G3/4: 16%);

Stomatitis (G3/4: 23.7%);

Vomiting (G3/4: 14.3%)

Constipation (G3/4: 1.0%);

Gastrointestinal pain (G3/4: 1.0%);

Oesophagitis/dysphagia/odynophagia (G3/4: 0.7%)

Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders

Alopecia (G3/4: 4.0%)

Rash pruritus (G3/4: 0.7%);

Nail disorders (G3/4: 0.7%);

Skin exfoliation (G3/4: 0%)

General disorders and administration site conditions

Lethargy (G3/4: 19.0%);

Fever (G3/4: 2.3%);

Fluid retention (severe/life-threatening: 1%)

 

Description of selected adverse reactions in gastric adenocarcinoma cancer for docetaxel 75 mg/m2 in combination with cisplatin and 5-fluorouracil

Blood and lymphatic system disorders

Febrile neutropenia and neutropenic infection occurred in 17.2% and 13.5% of patients respectively, regardless of G-CSF use. G-CSF was used for secondary prophylaxis in 19.3% of patients (10.7% of the cycles). Febrile neutropenia and neutropenic infection occurred respectively in 12.1% and 3.4% of patients when patients received prophylactic G-CSF, in 15.6% and 12.9% of patients without prophylactic G-CSF.

Table 13: Tabulated list of adverse reactions in head and neck cancer for docetaxel 75 mg/m2 in combination with cisplatin and 5-fluorouracil

• Induction chemotherapy followed by radiotherapy (TAX 323)

MedDRA system organ classes

Very common adverse reactions

Common adverse reactions

Uncommon adverse reactions

Infections and infestations

Infection (G3/4: 6.3%);

Neutropenic infection

 

 

Neoplasms benign, malignant and unspecified (incl cysts and polyps)

 

Cancer pain (G3/4: 0.6%)

 

Blood and lymphatic system disorders

Neutropenia (G3/4: 76.3%);

Anaemia (G3/4: 9.2%);

Thrombocytopenia (G3/4: 5.2%)

Febrile neutropenia

 

Immune system disorders

 

Hypersensitivity (no severe)

 

Metabolism and nutrition disorders

Anorexia (G3/4: 0.6%)

 

 

Nervous system disorders

Dysgeusia/Parosmia;

Peripheral sensory neuropathy (G3/4: 0.6%)

Dizziness

 

Eye disorders

 

Lacrimation increased;

Conjunctivitis

 

Ear and labyrinth disorders

 

Hearing impaired

 

Cardiac disorders

 

Myocardial ischemia (G3/4:1.7%)

Arrhythmia (G3/4: 0.6%)

Vascular disorders

 

Venous disorder (G3/4: 0.6%)

 

Gastrointestinal disorders

Nausea (G3/4: 0.6%);

Stomatitis (G3/4: 4.0%);

Diarrhoea (G3/4: 2.9%);

Vomiting (G3/4: 0.6%)

Constipation;

Esophagitis/dysphagia/ odynophagia (G3/4: 0.6%);

Abdominal pain;

Dyspepsia;

Gastrointestinal haemorrhage (G3/4: 0.6%)

 

Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders

Alopecia (G3/4: 10.9%)

Rash pruritic;

Dry skin;

Skin exfoliative (G3/4: 0.6%)

 

Musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders

 

Myalgia (G3/4: 0.6%)

 

General disorders and administration site conditions

Lethargy (G3/4: 3.4%);

Pyrexia (G3/4: 0.6%);

Fluid retention;

Oedema

 

 

Investigations

 

Weight increased

 

• Induction chemotherapy followed by chemoradiotherapy (TAX 324)

MedDRA system organ classes

Very common adverse reactions

Common adverse reactions

Uncommon adverse reactions

Infections and infestations

Infection (G3/4: 3.6%)

Neutropenic infection

 

Neoplasms benign, malignant and unspecified (incl cysts and polyps)

 

Cancer pain (G3/4: 1.2%)

 

Blood and lymphatic system disorders

Neutropenia (G3/4: 83.5%);

Anaemia (G3/4: 12.4%);

Thrombocytopenia (G3/4: 4.0%);

Febrile neutropenia

 

 

Immune system disorders

 

 

Hypersensitivity

Metabolism and nutrition disorders

Anorexia (G3/4: 12.0%)

 

 

Nervous system disorders

Dysgeusia/Parosmia (G3/4: 0.4%);

Peripheral sensory neuropathy (G3/4: 1.2%)

Dizziness (G3/4: 2.0%);

Peripheral motor neuropathy (G3/4: 0.4%)

 

Eye disorders

 

Lacrimation increased

Conjunctivitis

Ear and labyrinth disorders

Hearing impaired (G3/4: 1.2%)

 

 

Cardiac disorders

 

Arrhythmia (G3/4: 2.0%)

Ischemia myocardial

Vascular disorders

 

 

Venous disorder

Gastrointestinal disorders

Nausea (G3/4: 13.9%);

Stomatitis (G3/4: 20.7%);

Vomiting (G3/4: 8.4%);

Diarrhoea (G3/4: 6.8%);

Esophagitis/dysphagia/ odynophagia (G3/4: 12.0%);

Constipation (G3/4: 0.4%)

Dyspepsia (G3/4: 0.8%);

Gastrointestinal pain (G3/4: 1.2%);

Gastrointestinal haemorrhage (G3/4: 0.4%)

 

Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders

Alopecia (G3/4: 4.0%);

Rash pruritic

Dry skin ;

Desquamation

 

Musculoskeletal, connective tissue bone disorders

 

Myalgia (G3/4: 0.4%)

 

General disorders and administration site conditions

Lethargy (G3/4: 4.0%);

Pyrexia (G3/4: 3.6%);

Fluid retention (G3/4: 1.2%);

Oedema (G3/4: 1.2%)

 

 

Investigations

Weight decreased

 

Weight increased

Post-marketing experience

Neoplasms benign, malignant and unspecified (incl cysts and polyps)

Cases of acute myeloid leukaemia and myelodysplastic syndrome have been reported in association with docetaxel when used in combination with other chemotherapy agents and/or radiotherapy.

Blood and lymphatic system disorders

Bone marrow suppression and other haematologic adverse reactions have been reported. Disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC), often in association with sepsis or multiorgan failure, has been reported.

Immune system disorders

Some cases of anaphylactic shock, sometimes fatal, have been reported.

Nervous system disorders

Rare cases of convulsion or transient loss of consciousness have been observed with docetaxel administration. These reactions sometimes appear during the infusion of the medicinal product.

Eye disorders

Very rare cases of transient visual disturbances (flashes, flashing lights, scotomata) typically occurring during infusion of the medicinal product and in association with hypersensitivity reactions have been reported. These were reversible upon discontinuation of the infusion. Cases of lacrimation with or without conjunctivitis, as cases of lacrimal duct obstruction resulting in excessive tearing have been rarely reported. Cases of cystoid macular oedema (CMO) have been reported in patients treated with docetaxel.

Ear and labyrinth disorders

Rare cases of ototoxicity, hearing impaired and/or hearing loss have been reported.

Cardiac disorders

Rare cases of myocardial infarction have been reported.

Vascular disorders

Venous thromboembolic events have rarely been reported.

Respiratory, thoracic and mediastinal disorders

Acute respiratory distress syndrome and cases of interstitial pneumonia/ pneumonitis, interstitial lung disease, pulmonary fibrosis and respiratory failure sometimes fatal have rarely been reported. Rare cases of radiation pneumonitis have been reported in patients receiving concomitant radiotherapy.

Gastrointestinal disorders

Rare occurrences of dehydration as a consequence of gastrointestinal events, gastrointestinal perforation, colitis ischaemic, colitis and neutropenic enterocolitis have been reported. Rare cases of ileus and intestinal obstruction have been reported.

Hepatobiliary disorders

Very rare cases of hepatitis, sometimes fatal primarily in patients with pre-existing liver disorders, have been reported.

Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders

Very rare cases of cutaneous lupus erythematosus and bullous eruptions such as erythema multiforme, Stevens-Johnson syndrome, toxic epidermal necrolysis, have been reported with docetaxel. In some cases concomitant factors may have contributed to the development of these effects. Sclerodermal-like changes usually preceded by peripheral lymphoedema have been reported with docetaxel. Cases of persisting alopecia have been reported.

Renal and urinary disorders

Renal insufficiency and renal failure have been reported. In about 20% of these cases there were no risk factors for acute renal failure such as concomitant nephrotoxic medicinal products and gastro-intestinal disorders.

General disorders and administration site conditions

Radiation recall phenomena have rarely been reported.

Fluid retention has not been accompanied by acute episodes of oliguria or hypotension. Dehydration and pulmonary oedema have rarely been reported.

Metabolism and nutrition disorders

Cases of hyponatraemia have been reported, mostly associated with dehydration, vomiting and pneumonia.

Reporting of suspected adverse reactions

Reporting suspected adverse reactions after authorisation of the medicinal product is important. It allows continued monitoring of the benefit/risk balance of the medicinal product. Healthcare professionals are asked to report any suspected adverse reactions at drugsafety@cipla.com.

Overdosage

There were a few reports of overdose. There is no known antidote for docetaxel overdose. In case of overdose, the patient should be kept in a specialised unit and vital functions closely monitored. In cases of overdose, exacerbation of adverse events may be expected. The primary anticipated complications of overdose would consist of bone marrow suppression, peripheral neurotoxicity and mucositis. Patients should receive therapeutic G-CSF as soon as possible after discovery of overdose. Other appropriate symptomatic measures should be taken, as needed.

Incompatibility

No information is available.

Storage and Handling Instructions

Store below 25˚C. Protect from light.

DOCETAX final dilution for infusion, if stored between 2°C and 25°C (36°F and 77°F) is stable for 4 hours. DOCETAX final dilution for infusion (in either 0.9% Sodium Chloride solution or 5% Dextrose solution) should be used within 4 hours (including the 1 hour intravenous administration).

Docetaxel is an antineoplastic agent and, as with other potentially toxic compounds, caution should be exercised when handling it and preparing docetaxel solutions. The use of gloves is recommended.

If docetaxel concentrate or infusion solution should come into contact with skin, wash immediately and thoroughly with soap and water. If docetaxel concentrate or infusion solution should come into contact with mucous membranes, wash immediately and thoroughly with water.

Last updated: September 2015
Last revised: September 2015