Keeping Balance in Osteoporosis

Table of Content

Keeping Balance in Osteoporosis

Introduction

Osteoporosis means 'porous bones'. It causes the bones to become weak and brittle so that even mild stress can cause a fracture. Keeping balance plays a very important role for people with osteoporosis, as an inability to balance could lead to a fall and subsequent fracture due to brittle bones. The eyes, ears, muscles and joints also play an important role in maintaining balance and preventing bones from breaking. Medical conditions and medicines may also affect the balance and increase the risk of falling. The following are some suggestions and precautions that can be taken to maintain a steady balance and prevent a fall.

Eyes

Problems

  • Changes in the vision happen as a person ages.
  • At an older age, the eyes may take a longer time to adjust to changes in the light and glare.
  • Eye illness such as cataracts may cause blurring, thereby decreasing the vision.
  • These changes in the vision can affect a personメs ability to judge the steepness of the stairs or to avoid obstacles in his or her path.

Solutions

  • Keep the floor clean and clear of any obstacles.
  • Keep the home well lit at night to avoid tripping or banging into objects.
  • Do a regular eye examination and in case of prescription glasses or contact lenses, wear them regularly.

Ears

Problems

  • Changes in the hearing happen as a person ages.
  • The middle ear helps to maintain the balance.
  • Certain medications and illnesses (such as vertigo) can affect the middle-ear function and, in turn, affect the ability to balance.

Solutions

  • Some signs of an ear disease or infection are as follows:
  • Ear pain (mild to severe)
  • Ringing or a feeling of fullness or pressure in the ear
  • Trouble hearing
  • Fluid discharge from the ears
  • Consult your doctor if you are having any of these problems.

Muscles and Joints

Problems

  • Strong muscles and flexible joints play an important role in balancing.
  • When we stand ムstillメ, we sway at our ankles.
  • The ankles make small adjustments to keep the body weight over the feet.
  • If the ankles are stiff, sore or weak, they wonメt be able to make the strong, swift adjustments needed to help maintain balance.

Solutions

  • Doing regular muscle and joint exercises play an important role in maintaining muscles and joints in good health.
  • Do balance exercises, and weight-bearing and muscle-strengthening exercises to improve muscle strength.

Conditions and Medicines That Can Cause Falls

Problems

  • Certain medicines and medical conditions can affect the ability to move and stay in balance.
  • They can also cause numbness and tingling in the feet, dizziness and disorientation.
  • All of these can lead to a fall.

Solutions

  • Stays informed about your medical condition, and keep a list of the medicines that could affect the ability to maintain your balance.
  • Never change or skip medicines without talking to your doctor.

For any further information, please contact your doctor.

 

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