NutriConnect – Nutrition during Pregnancy

Table of Content

Nutrition

Nutrition is the process of providing or obtaining the food necessary for health & growth

Better nutrition is related to improved infant, child & maternal health, stronger

immune systems, safer pregnancy & childbirth, lower risk of non-communicable diseases (such as diabetes & cardiovascular disease), & longevity

Improving the mother's diet before and during pregnancy reduces the risk of medical

problems for her and her infant

Food Groups

Proteins

Building blocks of the body

Carbohydrates

Major source of energy in all diets; either simple or complex- breakdown into glucose

Fats

Concentrated source of energy made up of fatty acids; helps absorb fat-soluble vitamins

Folic Acid

Reduces risk of congenital malformations and increases birth weight

Vitamin B12

Helps keep body’s nerve and blood cells healthy and helps make DNA

Vitamin B6

Required for metabolism, brain development of baby, & to reduce nausea & vomiting during pregnancy

Vitamin D

Helps absorb calcium for strong bones, also required for muscle, nerve and immune function.

Made by body when bare skin is exposed to sun.

Iron

Needed for hemoglobin synthesis, mental function & to provide immunity against diseases

Calcium

Essential, both during pregnancy & lactation, for proper formation of bones & teeth of the offspring, for secretion of breast-milk rich in calcium and to prevent osteoporosis in the mother.

Water & Salt

Points to Ponder

Importance of Nutritional Supplements

Nutritional supplements or dietary supplements are intended to provide nutrients that may otherwise not be consumed in sufficient quantities in the diet; e.g., vitamins, minerals, proteins, amino acids or other nutritional substances. Products are usually ingested in capsule, tablet or liquid form.

Though it is possible to meet the requirements for most of the nutrients through a balanced diet, pregnant/lactating women are advised to take daily supplements of iron, folic acid, vitamin B and calcium.

Always consult your doctor before taking any medicines

References

1. https://www.sciencedirect.com

2. https://www.who.int/health-topics/nutrition

3. https://www.nin.res.in/downloads/DietaryGuidelinesforNINwebsite.pdf

4. https://www.nature.com/subjects/nutritional-supplements

5. https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/list-all/

6. https://medlineplus.gov/healthtopics.html

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