Stroke

Table of Content

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Stroke
Patient Education

First, A Little Bit About Our Brain

  • Brain controls the functions of the body. It helps us to think, understand, speak, move & feel.
  • Like all cells in our body, brain cells also require continuous supply of blood & oxygen for proper functioning.

What is Stroke?

Stroke occurs when the blood vessel which brings blood & oxygen to the brain gets blocked or ruptures & the brain cells don't get proper blood supply.

Due to lack of oxygen, brain & nerve cells can't function & die within minutes. Due to this, the part of the body they control is unable to function.

Stroke is best thought of as a "brain attack."

It is just as serious as a heart attack and requires the same, immediate medical attention attention.

What are the Common Causes for Stroke?

Anything that can cause blockage of blood vessel or which can burst the blood vessels causing bleeding into the brain

  • High blood pressure
  • Heart problems
  • Cholesterol build-up in the blood vessel of the neck or up brain
  • Arteriosclerosis (hardening of the arteries)
  • Medical conditions, such as diabetes, which can damage the blood vessel or increase clot formation

What are the Effects of a Stroke?

Effects of a stroke depend on the location of brain damage & the amount of damage

They may include the following:

  • Loss of movement in one side of the body
  • Trouble with memory or understanding
  • Trouble in swallowing
  • Trouble to recollect how to do daily activities
  • Trouble with speech

What are the Warning Signs of a Stroke?

If you or someone with you have these signs, don't delay; immediately contact a doctor

Time lost is Brain lost

What Factors can Increase the Risk of Stroke?

What Habits can you Develop to Reduce Your Risk of Stroke?

Stop smoking

Maintain a healthy body weight

Know your numbers: Blood pressure, blood sugar & cholesterol. Keep these levels within normal range.

Exercise regularly

Avoid excessive use of alcohol

Eat healthy; include vegetables & fruits in your diet, reduce salt & fatty food intake

Manage stress

How is Stroke Managed?

  • Medical therapy
    Medicines to dissolve the blood clot or to stopping the bleeding in brain
  • Rehabilitation
    • It helps improve the chances of successful recovery from stroke
    • This process is aimed to educate the patient to help himself overcome the loss of functions due to stroke
    • It teaches the patient to manage the loss & live his life as normal as possible

If you had a Stroke in the Past, then what can you do to Prevent Another Stroke?

  • Talk to your doctor. Follow his instructions & take medicines regularly as prescribed.
  • If blockage of the blood vessel caused a stroke, surgery can help
  • If the blockage is less severe, blood thinning medicines can help
  • If high blood pressure was the cause, use medicines to keep blood pressure under control
  • Include lifestyle changes like - limit alcohol intake, stop smoking, eat a healthy diet, etc.

Remember

To reduce your risk of death or disability from stroke:

  • Recognize the warning signs of a stroke so that you can seek immediate treatment
  • Change certain lifestyle habits that damage the blood vessels of the body

 

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