Ultrasound Evaluation of Retrocervical and Parametrial Deep Endometriosis on the Basis of Surgical Anatomical Landmarks

J Minim Invasive Gynecol.

Parametrial extension of DIE indicates major surgical technical difficulties and risk of complications, and urologic and nerve-sparing procedures may be required in such cases. Preoperative evaluation of such scenarios will allow proper counseling of patients and facilitate adequate surgical planning in referral centers; moreover, when necessary, it can guide the constitution of a dedicated multidisciplinary surgical team as an alternative to treatment by a pelvic surgeon alone. Detailed imaging evaluation of DIE lesions and their extension is crucial for clinical management of affected patients. It can facilitate optimization of surgical timing and strategies, thereby potentially preventing ineffective, or even harmful, repeated procedures.