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    17 Jan, 2020
    The clinical outcomes do not differ significantly amongst pediatric patients receiving appropriate empirical therapy (AT) or inappropriate empirical therapy (IAT) for the treatment of urinary tract infection (UTI), reported a recent study. In the era of increasing antimicrobial resistance, third-generation cephalosporins may still be a good choice of empirical antimicrobial for children suffering... Read more
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    17 Jan, 2020
    A Japanese retrospective real-life study highlighted the favourable cancer control outcomes with pembrolizumab in patients with advanced urothelial carcinoma (UC). According to the results, poor performance status, high number of metastatic organs, and higher relative neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) change after 6 weeks could independently predict the overall survival and could be used in... Read more
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    17 Jan, 2020
    A recent systematic review and meta-analysis confirmed babies who were breastfed had a lower risk of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). According to the findings, there was a dose-response association between breastfeeding and ASD with breastfeeding for 12-24 months being associated with the most significant reduction in the risk of ASD. The findings underscore the importance of breastfeeding to... Read more
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    17 Jan, 2020
    A recent study suggested that incident diabetes in adults has an element of autoimmune aetiology, making it necessary to re-evaluate the present sub-classification of diabetes in adulthood. According to the findings, GAD65 antibody positivity was associated with the incidence of diabetes after the age of 40 years. Genetic risk score (GRS) for type-1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) but not type-2... Read more
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    13 Jan, 2020
    Pooled analysis of 10 mirabegron monotherapy studies demonstrated the safety and efficacy of mirabegron, solifenacin, and tolterodine in adults of different age groups and sexes with overactive bladder (OAB) symptoms. The study summarized the safety and efficacy of mirabegron, a β3-adrenoreceptor agonist, and evaluated if it could be used as an alternative drug to antimuscarinics in the... Read more
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    13 Jan, 2020
    A recent study suggested that incident diabetes in adults has an element of autoimmune aetiology, making it necessary to re-evaluate the present sub-classification of diabetes in adulthood. According to the findings, GAD65 antibody positivity was associated with the incidence of diabetes after the age of 40 years. Genetic risk score (GRS) for type-1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) but not type-2... Read more
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    13 Jan, 2020
    Till date the link between social media (SM) use and disordered eating (DE) has not been elucidated completely in young adolescents. According to a recent exploratory study, young adolescents with a greater SM usage were more predisposed towards DE cognitions and behaviours. The findings strengthen the notion that such detrimental associations occur at younger‐age than previously investigated.... Read more
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    13 Jan, 2020
    A recent study demonstrated that treating S aureus infected parents with intranasal mupirocin and chlorhexidine-impregnated cloths as against placebo significantly diminished the colonization of parent-concordant S aureus strain in neonates. Staphylococcus aureus is one of the leading causes of health care-associated infections in the neonatal intensive care... Read more
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    09 Jan, 2020
    Children with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) due to Mycoplasma (M) pneumoniae  have a significantly higher frequency of developing mucocutaneous disease as against children with CAP due to other causative agent, stated a recent study. The study further revealed that M pneumoniae-induced mucocutaneous disease was associated with increased systemic inflammation,... Read more
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    09 Jan, 2020
    Acne treatment with laser in the near-infrared spectrum of light is based on thermally damaging the sebaceous glands. Intense pulse light (IPL) and long-pulsed 1064 nm neodymium:yttrium-aluminum-garnet (Nd: YAG) have shown promising efficacy in the treatment of acne. Recently, a prospective comparative study was conducted to compare the efficacy of Nd: YAG laser and IPL in inflammatory and... Read more
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    09 Jan, 2020
    A recent study concluded that three-dimensional hyperaccuracy models (HA3D) models could help the surgeons to effectively perform augmented reality robot-assisted partial nephrectomy (AR-RAPN) for complex renal tumours (PADUA score ≥10). This technology was associated with a reduction in the postoperative complications and better functional recovery outcomes as compared to standard ultrasound... Read more
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    08 Jan, 2020
    Children attending school or kindergartens situated in areas with higher levels of greenness may have lower odds of having attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms, suggested a first-of-its-kind study conducted in China. Currently little is known about the impact of greenness surrounding schools and kindergartens on symptoms of ADHD among children, as the link has been elucidated... Read more
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    08 Jan, 2020
    A recent analysis of the Indian Council of Medical Research funded Registry of people with diabetes in India with Young age at onset (YDR registry), revealed youth onset diabetes to be a frequent finding in India. This registry that accounted for nearly 90% of the diabetes cases in India also demonstrated significant variation in distribution of youth onset diabetes in India... Read more
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    08 Jan, 2020
    Air pollution is a major threat to global health and is responsible for a large proportion of morbidity and premature mortality. There is well established data suggest a link   between ambient particulate matter air pollution (PM) and wide range of noncommunicable diseases. However, evidence regarding the association between PM and skeletal health is limited. Recently a study conducted... Read more
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    07 Jan, 2020
    Breastfeeding renders protection against postpartum relapses in multiple sclerosis (MS), stated a recent systematic review and meta-analysis. The incidence of multiple sclerosis (MS) relapses may increase during the postpartum period. Whether breastfeeding would cut down the risk of postpartum relapses still remains a debatable topic. A systematic review and meta-analysis was therefore conducted... Read more