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    10 Dec, 2018
    Studies exploring prevalence, risk factors and clinical characteristics of recurrent dermatophytosis in Indian patients are scarce. Recently, an Indian study conducted in patients with recurrent dermatophytosis from Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India reported that recurrent dermatophytosis was prevalent in 9.3% of all patients with ... Read more
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    10 Dec, 2018
    Long-term consequences of early postoperative acute kidney injury (AKI) after bariatric surgery on renal function are unknown. Recently, researchers studied the impact of early postoperative surgery AKI on long-term renal function in patients undergoing bariatric surgery. The 28 months follow-up results showed that the incidence of early postoperative AKI after bariatric surgery was... Read more
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    10 Dec, 2018
    A study that ascertained the link between persistent diaper dermatitis and food allergy found persistent diaper dermatitis (lasting longer than a month) to be possibly associated with food allergy. In fact the study hinted diaper rash to be the only indicator of the food allergy in infants. Eliminating allergy-causing food might help these pediatric patients recover from persistent diaper... Read more
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    10 Dec, 2018
    A recent study that compared the rate, indications and type of antibiotic prescriptions in two large cohorts of children, revealed that children with asthma rather than the non-asthmatic children had higher usage of antibiotics. Higher use of antibiotics in asthma patients was mostly for conditions for which the guidelines generally did not recommend antibiotics. This retrospective cohort... Read more
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    10 Dec, 2018
    Data from Malawi's prevention of mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) option B+ programme suggested a high uptake of antiretroviral therapy (ART) among pregnant women. To obtain nationally representative data on maternal ART coverage and prevention of MTCT effectiveness, Malawi's Ministry of Health led the National Evaluation of Malawi's PMTCT Program. Recently, a cross-sectional... Read more
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    07 Dec, 2018
    A recent retrospective study examined the remission of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) after bariatric surgery, factors associated and compared the Spanish and American remission criteria in diabetic patients undergoing Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. Researchers noted that bariatric surgery was associated with a high remission rate of T2DM in patients with morbid obesity. Moreover, a good... Read more
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    07 Dec, 2018
    One-third of older adults (65 years of age and older) experience fall annually, and approximately 10–20% of falls result in serious injury or fracture. Overactive bladder (OAB) and its constituent symptoms particularly urgency and nocturia are known risk factors for falls and fractures. However, the strength of this association is unclear due to variability in the designs and... Read more
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    07 Dec, 2018
    A recent comparative effectiveness (CE) study demonstrated delayed release dimethyl fumarate (DMF) to be superior to interferons (IFN), glatiramer acetate (GA), teriflunomide (TERI), or fingolimod (FTY) in patients with relapsing–remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS). These findings in line with the previous CE studies not only provide further insight into comparative efficacy of commonly... Read more
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    07 Dec, 2018
    Moderate consumption of boiled potatoes may ward off the risk of incident type-2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), independent of various confounding factors, suggested a recent study conducted in Tehranian adults. However, similar beneficial effects were not observed between fried potato consumption and the risk of incident T2DM. Few studies have demonstrated an association between high potato... Read more
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    07 Dec, 2018
    A recent study reaffirmed the benefits of beta-blockers in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients. According to the findings of the study, ACS patients treated with beta-blockers had a substantial reduction in all-cause mortality. Importantly, these benefits were not limited to patients with normal left ventricular (LV) function but were also evident amongst those with mild to moderately impaired... Read more
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    06 Dec, 2018
    The trends of healthy life expectancy (HALE), which quantifies the number of years of life expected to be lived in good health, and the complementary measure of disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs), a composite measure of disease burden were evaluated for 359 diseases and injuries across 195 countries and territories from 1990-2017. The study demonstrated remarkable improvements in health over... Read more
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    06 Dec, 2018
    A recent study that reinstated a reduced survival in patients presenting with idiopathic parkinsonism revealed that survival in such patients was greatly related to the type and characteristics of the parkinsonian disorder. Patients with atypical parkinsonism (multiple system atrophy or progressive supranuclear palsy) were burdened with the highest risk of shorter survival. Although the study... Read more
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    06 Dec, 2018
    Disease remission in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients is determined using disease activity score (DAS28) calculated based on the tender (TJC) and swollen joints (SJC) and the global patient visual analog score (VAS). and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) [or alternatively C-reactive protein (CRP)]. Recently researchers studied the presence of IgM Rheumatoid Factor (IgM-RF) on extracellular... Read more
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    05 Dec, 2018
    A recent network meta-analysis (NMA) compared the efficacy of 3 aerosolized antibiotics – tobramycin, colistin and amikacin, in the treatment for ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP). The results revealed that the aerosolized antibiotics improved the clinical recovery and microbiological eradication, without increasing the risks of mortality or nephrotoxicity. Current evidence from... Read more
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    05 Dec, 2018
    According to a new study, specific subcutaneous immunotherapy (SCIT) seemed to induce significant changes in the homeostasis of peripheral blood monocytes and dendritic cells (DCs), either in their number or their ability to produce pro-inflammatory cytokines, in patients with allergic rhinitis (AR). SCIT induced various numeric, phenotypic and functional alterations in circulating monocytes and... Read more