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    22 Apr, 2019
    A recent study conducted at a large tertiary center in US concluded that balloon catheter sinuplasty was a long term and less invasive alternative to functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) for the treatment of chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) in pediatric patients who had failed first-line medical and surgical management with adenoidectomy. Balloon catheter sinuplasty, being effective and safe,... Read more
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    22 Apr, 2019
    A recent study conducted in pediatric population stated that purulent rhinorrhea in the presence of facial pain was more indicative of chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) rather than chronic adenoiditis. Therefore, for pre-surgical planning, a computed tomography (CT) scan may be beneficial to confirm the diagnosis if the patient has facial pain with purulent nasal discharge.  An adenoidectomy... Read more
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    22 Apr, 2019
    Prolonged inhalation of benzene vapours led to increase in the serum levels of lead, cadmium, myeloperoxidase (MPO) enzyme, malondialdehyde (MDA) and some other biochemical parameters in fuel station workers, highlighted a new study. Immunological changes marked by decreases in immunoglobulins - IgA and IgG, along with increases in levels of IgM and IgE were observed.... Read more
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    22 Apr, 2019
    A recent study ascertained the routine clinical practices with respect to home warfarin or direct oral anticoagulation (DOAC; dabigatran, rivaroxaban, or apixaban) in atrial fibrillation (AF) or atrial flutter patients who suffer with ST-segment–elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and non-STEMI (NSTEMI). The study revealed that majority of these patients (64%) did not receive any... Read more
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    22 Apr, 2019
    A recent meta-analysis compared the surgical outcomes and perioperative morbidity and mortality of four surgical approaches for the management of right-sided colonic neoplasms. Researchers compared outcomes of open (ORH), laparoscopic-assisted (LRH), total laparoscopic (TLRH), and robotic right hemicolectomy (RRH). The study showed that both RRH and TLRH have considerable benefits regarding... Read more
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    22 Apr, 2019
    The role of aspirin-clopidogrel (A+C) combination vs. aspirin monotherapy has not been elucidated completely in patients with acute ischemic stroke (IS) or transient ischemic attack (TIA). A recent study that determined the optimal period of efficacy and safety of A+C therapy vs. aspirin monotherapy in this patient subgroup demonstrated that short-term (≤1 month) and intermediate (≤3 month... Read more
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    22 Apr, 2019
    The findings of a recent study demonstrated that single-site-modified tubeless cutaneous ureterostomy (CU) for incontinent urinary diversion was safe and simple, with a similar rate of postoperative complications and a significantly higher catheter-free rate as compared to standard CU technique. The researchers of the study suggested that this surgical technique could also benefit the selected... Read more
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    19 Apr, 2019
    A recent study revealed few differences among pediatric patients suffering with definite bacterial pneumonia and those suffering with presumed viral pneumonia or other pneumonias. Definite bacterial pneumonia was associated with higher C-reactive protein (CRP), white cell counts (WCC) and absolute neutrophil counts (ANC) as compared to the other forms of pneumonia. Furthermore, CRP was a valuable... Read more
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    19 Apr, 2019
    A recent systematic review and meta-analysis confirmed that early clopidogrel loading was associated with a better efficacy and similar safety as compared to late clopidogrel loading dose, in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI). Contrast to these findings, timing of ticagrelor or prasugrel loading had no impact on ischemic events in patients undergoing PCI. Use of early... Read more
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    18 Apr, 2019
    Several studies have linked BPH and subsequent risk of developing prostate cancer (PCa) in men after 50 years of age. This study was the first ever to use the data from a nationwide population to evaluate whether metformin reduced the risk of PCa in men with benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH) and diabetes. The findings of the study conducted in Taiwan revealed that treatment with metformin lowered... Read more
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    18 Apr, 2019
    An intra-abdominal abscess (IAA) is a significant complication following both laparoscopic and open appendicectomy. The standard management approach for post-operative IAA following appendicectomy is percutaneous drainage and in some cases, prolonged antibiotics may be used. A recent retrospective analysis, determined the outcomes of early laparoscopic washout in patients with features of... Read more
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    18 Apr, 2019
    The novel imaging techniques such as disease probability measure (DPM), and parametric response mapping (PRM) were useful in detecting emphysema and small airways disease (SAD) in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Computed tomography (CT), coupled with image analysis demonstrated significant associations with in-depth pulmonary function tests and were able to detect... Read more
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    18 Apr, 2019
    Relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) patients treated with dimethyl fumarate (DMF) experienced lower annualized relapse rate (ARR), higher relapse-free survival, and lower incidence of discontinuation due to disease breakthrough as compared to their counterparts treated with teriflunomide (TFL), reported a recent study further strengthening the real-world data in favor of DMF vs. TFL.... Read more
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    18 Apr, 2019
    Tinea capitis (TC) infection is a dermatophyte infection involving hair and scalp and occurs primarily in prepubertal children. However, limited data exist in adult patients. A recent retrospective study conducted at the Department of Dermatology, Chonbuk National University Hospital, Korea determined the current epidemiological, clinical, and mycological characteristics of adult TC in Korea. The... Read more
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    18 Apr, 2019
    Rhinitis is almost omnipresent in urban pediatric asthma patients, stated a recent study. The study further revealed that rhinitis could be easily phenotyped in pediatric population based on their symptom seasonality and temporally relevant allergen sensitization. According to the findings, perennial allergic rhinitis with seasonal exacerbations (PARSE) was the... Read more