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    17 Apr, 2020
    Patients with migraine with aura (MwA) have a higher photophobia symptom scores as compared to patients with migraine without aura (MwoA), stated a recent study. Nevertheless, aura was not associated with greater hyperacusis or interictal allodynia scores. Migraine with aura is specifically associated with visual hypersensitivity, rather than being associated with a general ... Read more
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    17 Apr, 2020
    Type-2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients without atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (CVD) who have microalbuminuria/ macroalbuminuria are at an increased risk of incident ischemic stroke, myocardial infarction (MI), and all-cause mortality, reported a recent study. This association was independent of the CVD risk factors and the medication status. Type-2 diabetes mellitus patients with micro/... Read more
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    16 Apr, 2020
    Researchers recently elucidated whether gender would impact the association between baseline characteristics and incident wheeze in adolescents. Among adolescence, obese girls and boys with atopic constitution were at an increased risk of developing wheeze within four years. A total of 959 adolescents (age 12-15 years) answered a standardised respiratory... Read more
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    16 Apr, 2020
    Diagnosis of group A Streptococcus (GAS) is made with a culture, molecular test or a rapid antigen detection test from the tonsils or the posterior pharyngeal wall. A recent prospective study compared mouth culture with throat culture for the diagnosis of GAS pharyngitis in both children and adults. The study demonstrated that higher sensitivity of mouth swab culture (78.3% for children and 72.1... Read more
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    16 Apr, 2020
    Surgical Treatment and Medications Potentially Eradiate Diabetes Efficiently (STAMPEDE) clinical trial is a randomized, nonblinded, single-centre trial that evaluated the efficacy of intensive medical therapy alone versus intensive medical treatment plus Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) or sleeve gastrectomy (SG) in 150 patients with obesity and type 2 diabetes. Recently researchers examined two... Read more
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    16 Apr, 2020
    Until now, not much was known about the association between weight change and the risk of stroke. A recent study revealed that healthy men with weight increase during early-life, but not mid-life were burdened with increased long-term risk of stroke. In the light of these findings, younger population should be the prime target for preventing weight increase, according to the researchers. This... Read more
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    16 Apr, 2020
    A recent meta-analysis elucidated the links between reduction of glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) and risk of major cardiovascular events (MACE) in all cardiovascular outcome trials (CVOTs) conducted in patients with type-2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). According to the findings improved glycemic control, particularly with newer glucose-lowering medications may... Read more
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    16 Apr, 2020
    The American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO), American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO), and Society of Surgical Oncology (SSO) recently released a guidelineson the management of patients with breast cancer (BC) with germline mutations in BC susceptibility genes. The guideline provides practical, evidence-based advice on ten clinical questions regarding local and systemic therapy for... Read more
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    15 Apr, 2020
    A pre-specified, exploratory analysis of the GLOBAL LEADERS trial demonstrated that amongst elderly patients (age>75 years) undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), 23 months of ticagrelor monotherapy after one month of dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) had no differential impact with reference to the primary endpoint as compared to DAPT for one year followed by... Read more
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    15 Apr, 2020
    Studies in past have suggested that treatment of drinking water may reduce microbial exposure. A recent study conducted in school children demonstrated that high commensal bacterial content in drinking water may render protection against allergic diseases. Through this study researchers wanted to determine whether bacterial load in drinking water... Read more
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    15 Apr, 2020
    Treatment with rifaximin alleviates ascites and improves survival outcomes in cirrhotic patients with refractory ascites. The researchers of this real-world study suggested that rifaximin improves the systematic inflammatory state by regulating the structure and function of intestinal bacteria. The efficacy of rifaximin in reducing the incidence of hepatic encephalopathy and other complications... Read more
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    14 Apr, 2020
    In the flapless approach, a minimal soft-tissue excision is performed to remove a small specific diameter of mucoperiosteum, which matches up with the diameter of the planned implant, without any flap elevation. A recent and first systematic review and meta-analysis evaluated the long-term clinical performance after flapless implant surgery to that of the conventional approach with flap elevation... Read more
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    14 Apr, 2020
    The essential oils that are effective in acne treatment are Tea tree oil, Lavender oil and Ocimum gratissimum and Ramulusmori. Recently, a study compared anti-acne effectiveness and action on the microclimate of the skin of clindamycin-tretinoin based gel with a galenic compound (MOTC) containing 2 essential oils (Myrtus communisL. and Origanum vulgare) and tretinoin. The study found that the... Read more
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    13 Apr, 2020
    Clinical presentation of dry eye (DE) disease is often complicated because some patients have severe symptoms without notable corneal findings, and others have no symptoms even though they may present with severe keratopathy and a short tear break-up time (TBUT). Numerous studies have documented a disassociation between the signs and symptoms in DE patients. Recently a cross-sectional case-... Read more
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    13 Apr, 2020
    A systematic review and meta-analysis highlighted that nocturia could possibly increase the risk of falls and fractures. The analysis of 9 observational longitudinal studies demonstrated an increase in the risk of falls and fractures by 1.2 and 1.3 times approximately in cohort with nocturia. This meta-analysis assessed the correlation between nocturia and falls and fractures as a prognostic and... Read more