• 0
    20 Mar, 2020
    With the increasing use of continuous glucose monitoring (CGM), time in range (TIR) and other CGM metrics have now emerged as the core metrics for clinical targets and assessing diabetic complications, beyond glycosylated haemoglobin (HbA1c). A recent study demonstrated that amongst type-2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients, TIR 70-180 mg/dL and... Read more
  • 0
    20 Mar, 2020
    It is not known whether discontinuation of renin-angiotensin system blockade when estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) falls below 30 mL/min/1.73 m2 is linked to the risk of all-cause mortality, major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE), and end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) in the subsequent 5 years.  A recent large-scale real-world study demonstrated that discontinuation of... Read more
  • 0
    20 Mar, 2020
    Various ophthalmologic symptoms are frequent yet under-reported in Parkinson’s disease patients. Majority of these visual impairments are treatable hence their timely recognition is crucial amongst PD patients. A recent study reaffirmed a higher prevalence of ophthalmologic symptoms in PD patients as compared to controls. Importantly, the ophthalmologic symptoms interfered considerably in... Read more
  • 0
    20 Mar, 2020
    Majority of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients are prescribed beta-blockers (BBs) at discharge. A recent study with an exceptionally long-term follow-up period demonstrated that the adherence to various secondary prevention medications including BBs decreases drastically over the years. Patients who were non-adherent to BBs had an increased risk of long-term mortality that extended... Read more
  • 0
    18 Mar, 2020
    Researchers recently developed a Neuro R2 score to predict the risk of rehospitalization, particularly in patients with neurologic disorders. The risk of rehospitalization was high amongst patients with high Charlson disease count, those requiring urgent/emergent readmission, discharged to rehabilitation or skilled nursing facility, and those suffering with cancer, brain tumor or... Read more
  • 2.5
    17 Mar, 2020
    A recent study demonstrated that adults with early onset (age; 21-44 years) of type-2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) were less likely to achieve glycemic control at one year following diagnosis. Tailored care approaches are warranted to improve outcomes in these high-risk patients to keep T2DM-associated complications at bay, concluded the researchers. The prevalence of T2DM among adults under age 45... Read more
  • 0
    16 Mar, 2020
    Retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS) or percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) was found to be effective in achieving stone-free status over a short period and minimal number of sessions in the management of lower pole stones (LPS) between 1-2cm. RIRS was more effective than shock wave lithotripsy (SWL) in case of stones smaller than 10mm, concluded a recent systematic review and meta-analysis. The... Read more
  • 0
    16 Mar, 2020
    Secondary prevention of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is crucial following percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients. A recent study demonstrated elderly STEMI patients who receive high rather than low dose of statins after PCI had lower level of creatinine kinase-MB (CK-MB), B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP), alanine transaminase (... Read more
  • 0
    16 Mar, 2020
    A cross-sectional study concluded that increased transitional zonal index (TZI) was significantly associated with decreasedinternational index of erectile function (IIEF) score and lower peak systolic velocity (PSV) in men with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH).The study analysed the correlation between prostate zonal volume and erectile dysfunction (ED) in patients with BPH. A total of 70 men... Read more
  • 0
    11 Mar, 2020
    A recent study demonstrated that a single-pill, fixed-dose combination of rosuvastatin (20 mg)+amlodipine (10 mg) effectively reduced blood pressure (BP) and low-densitylipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C) levels while maintaining safety. According to the findings, hypertensive dyslipidemic patients treated with rosuvastatin + amlodipine combination had superior BP and lipid modulating effect as... Read more
  • 0
    11 Mar, 2020
    Amongst atrial fibrillation (AF) patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF), high resting heart rate (HR) was associated with increased risk of all-cause mortality, reported a recent study. Patients with resting HR > 81 bpm atdischarge rather than those with HR ≤ 81 bpm had higher incidence of death. There is uncertaintyabout the prognostic value of resting HR in AF... Read more
  • 0
    09 Mar, 2020
    A recent survey that ascertained dysglycemiascreening and riskfactormanagement in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) revealed, that such patients had poor dysglycemic screening despite clear guideline recommendations. Moreover, these patients also had unacceptably poor achievement of guidelinerecommendedlifestyle risk factor and pharmacological management despite their higher... Read more
  • 0
    05 Mar, 2020
    Detecting changes in symptomatology after intervention in dry eye disease (DED) is difficult because there is only one validated questionnaire specifically designed to measure these changes, and it is somewhat complicated. The Change in Dry Eye Symptoms Questionnaire (CDES-Q) is a new questionnaire designed based on a global rating of change scale. A recent prospective observational study... Read more
  • 0
    05 Mar, 2020
    Tackling diabetic complications is crucial for improving the quality of life of type-2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients. A recent study demonstrated that intensivemultifactorialintervention delayed the progression of diabetic nephropathy and delayed the increase of urinary protein excretion over the years in T2DM patients with short disease duration. Increased urinary albumin to creatinine... Read more
  • 0
    05 Mar, 2020
    Infants born early-term are burdened with a higher risk of hospitalization for all lower respiratory tract infections (LRTI) and those born late-term and post-termhad lower risk of hospitalization for bronchiolitis/bronchitis, revealed a recent study. The study further identified smoking during pregnancy, birth by elective caesarean delivery, neonatal ventilator support, and antibiotic therapy as... Read more